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In 2018, Cleveland, OH had a population of 384k people with a median age of 36.3 and a median household income of $29,953. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Cleveland, OH declined from 385,552 to 383,781, a -0.459% decrease and its median household income grew from $28,974 to $29,953, a 3.38% increase. The 2018 crime rate in Cleveland, OH is 692 (City-Data.com crime index), which is 2.5 times greater than the U.S. average. It was higher than in 98.5% U.S. cities. The 2018 Cleveland crime rate fell by 12% compared to 2017. The number of homicides stood at 86 - a decrease of 21 compared to 2017. In ... Get Cleveland, Ohio census data & demographics. Find population, crime, sports, political and other interesting statistics at cleveland.com. 2020 Crime Data The statistics on this website reflect official crime totals as reported to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program . These totals may change for differing reasons, including late reporting, reclassification of offenses and the finding that some offenses were unfounded. The Cleveland Big Data and Hadoop User Group is for those interested in the distributed processing of large amounts of data, focusing heavily on the Hadoop stack. If you have more data than can comfortably fit on a single server and/or have a processing window that you can't meet processing with a single server, then you should come to our ... According to our research of Ohio and other state lists, there were 1,898 registered sex offenders living in Cleveland, Ohio as of September 23, 2020. The ratio of all residents to sex offenders in Cleveland is 203 to 1. The City-Data.com crime rate weighs serious crimes and violent crimes more ... Cleveland Data Center 1621 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH, 44115 Cogent's Data Center in Cleveland offers secure, flexible, and scalable Colocation and connectivity solutions . CLEVELAND, Ohio (WOIO) - For the first time since the start of the health crisis, the Ohio Department of Health has designated a data dashboard for COVID-19 cases in children and schools. As of ... CLEVELAND, OHIO. Part of the Great Lakes Megalopolis, Cleveland is the largest metro in Ohio and the seventh largest economy in the U.S. Multiple Fortune 100 headquarters and over 28 institutions of higher education call Cleveland home, including Goodyear, KeyCorp, Progressive, NASA’s Glenn Research Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland Clinic, and University Hospitals of Cleveland. Access to Care: 2019 Access to Care Report; The Access to Care Report is the product of a collaborative process to comprehensively assess access to care needs among un/underserved populations within the City of Cleveland, as well as the capacity and resources available to meet those needs using both quantitative and qualitative data sources.
2014.09.20 01:38 The64onlyBikeCLE
The cycling community of the Greater Cleveland Area.
2020.09.25 14:58 eZGjBw1ZWhat's New on OHLQ - Friday 9/25/20
Here are some of the interesting products that appeared in the 3:32 AM update of ohlq.com on 9/25/2020. These would be from deliveries that happened before today so they might already be gone if they were put out on shelves yesterday. Many stores have had their addresses tweaked. A few examples... * S. West Street -> S W St * East Livingston Avenue -> E Livingston Ave * W. Schrock -> W Schrock Rd * 3600 Soldano Blvd -> 3600 Soldano Boulevard * 230 Lafayette Street Us 42 -> 230 Lafayette St * 55 Meadow Park Ave. Orange Twp. -> 55 Meadow Park Ave Air City Wine &a Liquor 3114 N Dixie Dr, Dayton is showing a large number of unexpected new products today, with and without the experimental technique, despite usually showing up in updates on Tuesdays. I don't know why this is but I doubt it's all actually available to us. This store does supply a number of local wholesalers so maybe one of them is starting back up after or maybe a new place is opening nearby. Maybe the store's data glitched back to a time when this stuff was plentiful. Nevermind, I somehow missed Air City in yesterday's data so everything they have listed appeared to be new this morning. Please remember that stores are currently required by the state to avoid causing large gatherings of people by putting rare bottles out on shelves in an unpredictable manner. This probably means that the store also cannot go get a bottle from the back for you upon request. Good luck! Previous Update: What's New on OHLQ - Thursday 9/24/20
2020.09.24 23:23 Sushimaster412****Ohio Medical Marijuana Program People of Influence Megathread****
I think it is important create an avenue of access for Ohio Medical Marijuana patients to better understand the organization, individuals represented, and what we can do as a collective patient body to help institute the changes in the Ohio Medical Marijuana program we want to see, and how to best direct our desires, concerns, and energy in a positive way. All of the information collected is public information. I have tried my best to figure out the correct contact info for each of these individuals, please correct me if I am wrong so I can edit them accordingly so that we can direct our energy correctly. I think most of us agree that there has been a great disconnect between what the proposed ‘Guiding Principles’ were when instituting the program versus what we as patients are enduring currently. https://preventionactionalliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/MJ-Panel-Steven-Schierholt.pdf Guiding Principles Medical Marijuana Control Program is:
Patient-centered and safe.
Responsive, data-driven, and transparent.
Flexible, scalable, and sustainable.
Characterized by consistency, integrity, and collaboration across one program.
It is quite obvious the current program is not patient-centered (it seems to be centered around profitability, bottlenecking expansion in terms of licensing, and preventing accessibility in terms of cost of entry to get a card and get a recommendation by a physician, and medicine itself) not responsive, data-driven, or transparent (there has been little progress in terms of responding to patient surveys of satisfaction vs. dissatisfaction in the program, there has been little progress in terms of expansion of cultivator licensing, dispensary licensing, testing lab licensing, and transition between tier 2 and tier 1 cultivators, as well as a lot going on behind closed doors that is enabling the stagnation of our Medical Marijuana Program that is not transparent to the public) not data-driven (there is a propensity of evidence showing the way in which our program is lagging has been a detriment to patients in terms of preventing them from gaining access and being able to afford medical marijuana as a means of providing them with a better quality of life, primarily being in terms of cost, and secondly in terms of the unethical chokehold employers have over their employees as medical marijuana patients and their ability to terminate their employment for the use of a State approved prescribed medicine for their qualifying conditions by a State approved physician as seen in this study: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Delivery.cfm/SSRN_ID3688992_code1468587.pdf?abstractid=3688992&mirid=1, and this rule within our program https://www.ohiomarijuanacard.com/can-i-be-fired), not flexible, scalable, and sustainable (it seems there has been very little change in terms of flexibility within the program, very little scalability in comparison with other States such as Pennsylvania which started at a similar time to our program, and said system is unsustainable with terms of scarcity of medicine due to a lack of cultivator license expansion), and lastly without a sense of integrity (none of the following listed conditions have patients as the primary point of focus, all of the listed conditions have been enabled and created to the detriment of the patient). ****As a disclaimer, I 100% do not condone, or promote any kind of harassment, threats, or any other form of misbehavior towards these individuals. It is fine to voice your concern, wishes, wants, needs, difference of opinion, what your opinion is of their points of view, etc. and try your best to direct that energy to the appropriate individuals and to do so in a decent manner and in a way that is substantiated with proven facts versus opinion. It is important to understand that even though these people may have vastly different points of view from your own, that does not give you the right to harass them, to threaten them, or to do anything that is unlawful.***** Three state government agencies are responsible for the operation of Ohio’s Medical Marijuana Control Program: • The Ohio Department of Commerce is responsible for overseeing medical marijuana cultivators, processors, and testing laboratories. • The State of Ohio Board of Pharmacy is responsible for overseeing medical marijuana retail dispensaries, the registration of medical marijuana patients and caregivers, the approval of new forms of medical marijuana, and coordinating the Medical Marijuana Advisory Committee. • The State Medical Board of Ohio is responsible for certifying physicians to recommend medical marijuana and may add to the list of qualifying conditions for which medical marijuana can be recommended. If you are frustrated that there has been a bottlenecking of cultivator licensing and expansion in the program you should direct your concerns accordingly to the Ohio Department of Commerce and voice you desire for more licenses to be granted, cultivators given the ability to expand into a Tier 1 category enabling them to operate on a larger scale. Greg Mcilvaine Senior Policy Advisor Ohio Department of Commerce Email - [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) Direct mail to the address below: Direct calls to the phone number below: Address: Ohio Department of Commerce 77 South High Street, 23rd Floor Columbus, Ohio 43215-6123 Ohio Department of Commerce Phone # (614) 466-3636 https://www.bioohio.com/events/past/medical-cannabis-and-hemp-in-the-buckeye-state-2019-forum/medical-cannabis-update-speakers/ “Greg McIlvaine was appointed Senior Policy Advisor for the Ohio Department of Commerce in June 2019 to oversee the Medical Marijuana Control Program. Throughout his career, McIlvaine has served in various leadership and policy roles on Capitol Hill and in the private sector. Prior to joining Commerce, he served as vice president and advocacy director of the Cypress Group where he advised on financial services, budget, and tax issues and worked together with policymakers and industry stakeholders to address policy challenges and implement solutions. McIlvaine received his MBA from the University of Virginia Darden School of Business and his bachelor’s degree in economics from Vanderbilt University.” https://www.bizjournals.com/columbus/news/2019/06/12/ohio-medical-marijuana-program-appoints-new.html From the article by Carrie Ghose (please support this news agency if you can) “By Carrie Ghose – Staff reporter, Columbus Business First Jun 12, 2019, 4:00pm EDT Ohio's medical marijuana program has a new chief regulator over cultivators, processors and testing labs. Greg McIlvaine has been hired as senior policy advisor for the Ohio Department of Commerce, which has oversight over those parts of the program. He'll be introduced at Thursday's monthly meeting of the state Medical Marijuana Advisory Committee. Mark Hamlin, who led the agency's recovery from a rocky rollout, is leaving for the state Department of Insurance. He'll stay in his current position through June 21. McIlvaine is coming to Columbus from Washington, D.C., where he'd been vice president and advocacy director of Cypress Group LLC, an advisory and lobbying firm. He had focused on fiscal policy and worked to grow its practices in the insurance and consumer finance industry, according to a cached biography on the firm's website. He also had headed a nonprofit coalition advocating for more access to capital for entrepreneurs and small businesses. Previously, he was a legislative assistant to then-U.S. Sen. Mike DeWine – who's now Ohio's governor and thus his boss again – and to former U.S. Rep. Zach Wamp, a Tennessee Republican. A Xenia native, McIlvaine has a bachelor’s degree in economics from Vanderbilt University and an MBA from the University of Virginia. He also studied international political economies at the University of Hong Kong School of Economics and Finance. Hamlin joined the medical marijuana program last June, just as accounting firm EY was issuing a report on the Commerce Department's disputed process for scoring cultivator license applications. Overall, 69 rejected applicants appealed, and Dave Yost, then the state's auditor and today attorney general, launched a review that flagged IT security flaws. The agency had to exceed the 12-license cap it had set in rules for each type of cultivator. There are now 16 large-scale licensees – half of those are open – and 13 for smaller grow houses, nine of them operating. Just four of 39 licensed processors are open. Two of the five lab licensees decided not to open. The first sales of medical marijuana were in January, four months after the deadline set in the 2016 law creating the program. The state Board of Pharmacy oversees dispensaries and the state Medical Board certifies physicians who can recommend cannabis and eligible conditions for patients. “ If you are frustrated with specific procedures in which dispensaries must abide by, such as the http://codes.ohio.gov/oac/3796:6-3-01v1 section (N) which specifically states no medical marijuana requiring refrigeration can be sold by a dispensary. Upset that your medical marijuana concentrate consistency is melted, that the terpines are not being best preserved sitting on the shelf and not in the best possible condition when you receive them? Direct your concerns about this matter because as the statute is written, the dispensaries cannot refrigerate your medicine. If you are frustrated about the long lines at dispensaries and how long it takes to purchase your medicine, speak about enabling dispensaries to expand their points of sale (# of registers) to serve patients faster, especially with regards to having more registered patients, the price of medicine being exceptionally high, and there being a much higher demand than supply, when dispensaries offer sales the lines and wait times are excessive. People with serious qualifying conditions should not have to endure the strain of excessive wait times. Enable dispensaries to have more points of sale to best accommodate these conditions. Contact Steven Schierholt with your thoughts and concerns. Steven Schierholt, Esq, Executive Director, State of Ohio Board of Pharmacy Direct Email’s to - [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) Direct mail to the following address: Direct phone calls to the following office: Address: State of Ohio Board of Pharmacy 77 South High Street, 17th Floor Columbus, Ohio 43215 State of Ohio Board of Pharmacy Phone Number: 614-466-4143 Fax: 614-752-4836 https://www.bioohio.com/events/past/medical-cannabis-and-hemp-in-the-buckeye-state-2019-forum/medical-cannabis-update-speakers/ Steve Schierholt serves as the Executive Director of the State of Ohio Board of Pharmacy. He is responsible for administering all orders of the Board as well as directing agency operations. Steve has more than 35 years of experience in law enforcement and agency administration. Prior to joining the Board, he was the Assistant Superintendent of the Bureau of Criminal Investigation (BCI) at the Ohio Attorney General’s Office. In that position, he oversaw all operations of the Bureau including the unprecedented reduction in the average DNA evidence processing time from 125 days to 22 days. A native of Lima, Steve received his undergraduate degree and Juris Doctorate from Capital University https://www.daily-jeff.com/news/20180604/state-announces-56-marijuana-dispensary-sites Do you feel like there are qualifying conditions that should be included in our program and you have academic level research and studies that you thing should be brought to the attention of the State Medical Board of Ohio which has the power to expand the list of qualifying conditions? You should forward this input to the State Medical Board of Ohio, and Gary Wenk who is the representative on the Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Board Advisory Committee who represents the seat for Academic Research. Stephanie Loucka Email - [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) Address to direct mail: State Medical Board of Ohio 30 E. Broad Street, 3rd Floor Columbus, OH 43215 State Medical Board of Ohio Phone Number - 614-466-3934 File a Complaint: Click here or call the State Medical Board of Ohio's Confidential Complaint Hotline at 1-833-333-SMBO (7626) https://www.med.ohio.gov/Publications/Recent-News/loucka-named-director-of-the-state-medical-board-of-ohio "The State Medical Board of Ohio (SMBO) announced today that it has unanimously approved Stephanie M. Lock as its Executive Director, effective November 14, 2019. Ms. Loucka previously served as the director at the Ohio Department of Aging. Prior to that she held senior leadership positions at both the Ohio Department of Administrative Services and the Ohio Department of Aging. Most recently, Ms. Loucka served as the Human Resources director at Gahanna-Jefferson Public Schools. She received a bachelor's degree in history and political science from Otterbein College and a law degree from the University of Cincinnati College of Law" https://www.wlwt.com/article/ohio-medical-board-to-consider-new-conditions-for-medical-marijuana-use/30330090 Gary L. Wenk Email - [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) https://psychology.osu.edu/people/wenk.6 https://www.medicalmarijuana.ohio.gov/advisory-committee https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2uVXs6CY2ps Please treat Dr. Wenk with the utmost respect, he is a champion for our program and is an amazing guy who is incredibly accomplished. “Gary L. Wenk, a Professor of Psychology & Neuroscience & Molecular Virology, Immunology and Medical Genetics at the Ohio State University and Medical Center, is a leading authority on the consequences of chronic brain inflammation and animal models of Alzheimer's disease. He is also a member of the OSU Center for Brain and Spinal Cord Repair. He received a B.A. degree in psychology and biology from Albion College and a Ph.D. in Neurotoxicology from the University of Cincinnati. He then trained as a post-doctoral fellow in the laboratory of Drs. Peter Davies and Robert Terry at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. He joined the faculty of the Departments of Psychology and Pathology at the Johns Hopkins University for nine years and served as a Program Director for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory & Biological Basis of Behavior Program, Division of Behavioral and Neural Sciences, at the National Science Foundation. He joined the faculty of the University of Arizona and was a research scientist in the Division of Neural Systems, Memory & Aging for 15 years. Professor Wenk has had continuous RO1-level support from the National Institutes of Health since 1984 and has served as chairperson of three different NIH study sections since 1997. Dr. Wenk is the recipient of the Vernon & Virginia Furrow Excellence in Teaching Award, The Five Star Faculty Teaching Award, The Distinguished Teaching Award from Ohio State University, The Joan N Huber Award for Outstanding Scholarship and The Harlan Hatcher Arts and Sciences Distinguished Faculty Award. Professor Wenk's research is focused upon the investigation of drugs that can slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease and rescue the brain from the consequences of normal and pathological aging. He has been interviewed about his work by many magazines and radio stations, including NPR, WBZ, WJR, CBS News, & WABC, numerous local and national television programs, including CNN and The Dr Oz show; he was interviewed by Lucasfilm, Ltd. and Amanada Productions for a 2-hr TV documentary on the topic of cognitive enhancers. Professor Wenk was elected in 2008 to the rank of Fellow by the American Assosciation for the Advancement of Science for distinguished contributions in the field of neuropharmacology, neurodegenerative diseases and neuroinflammatory processes. This rank was first given in 1874 to members of AAAS whose "efforts on behalf of the advancement of science or its applications are scientifically or socially distinguished." Professor Wenk is currently also Director of the Neuroscience Undergraduate Programs and was recently appointed by Governor Kasich to the Governor's Medical Marijuana Advisory Committee as the Academic Research Representative.” Governor Mike DeWine currently holds the power to appoint many of the individuals whom serve on the Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Board Advisory Committee: http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/3796.021 Are you upset at the fact that Employers in the State of Ohio currently have the right to limit your access to using medical marijuana as a means of treating your qualifying condition? Do you think it is immoral for an Employer to have the power to dictate your quality of life outside of work? Do you think it is illogical for an Employer to limit your access to medicine which has been deemed legally permissible by the State of Ohio to be prescribed to qualifying individuals by State licensed physicians? Do you think the quality of life of the employee inside the workplace and outside the workplace outweighs the paranoia of Employers legal concerns? Do you think it should be illegal for your place of employment to control and determine which route of medical treatment you and your physician think is best for you and your health? Direct your concerns to Governor Mike DeWine to change this detrimental policy, and to remove his seat appointment on the Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Board Advisory Committee, Michael Stanek whom currently represents Employers on the Advisory Committee, views medical marijuana as “Opening Pandora’s Box,” and is adamant that Employers have the right to terminate the employment of individuals who choose to use Medical Marijuana as a medicine in the State of Ohio. The seat appointments will be up for reappointment in 2021 and according to the current statute exist for 5 years!! Let’s influence Governor Mike DeWine to appoint someone whom is a business owner, who supports their employees enabling them to having access to medical marijuana if qualified through their conditions and by a State certified physician allowing their employees to have the best quality of life possible in and outside of work. It is logical that if someone requires to use medical marijuana recuse themselves from a position that uses heavy machinery, or requires driving in the best interest for themselves and their employer. It is illogical for an Employer to be capable of firing an employee without cause because of the medicine they are prescribed by a licensed State Physician which has been deemed the best possible means of treating their condition. Giving Employer’s this kind of power is immoral, illogical, and unethical. Get Michael Stanek out of his current position of influence, he does not represent, nor does he hold the interests of the Medical Marijuana Patients of Ohio in mind. He only represents the small self-serving interests of the few Employers in terms of selfish unnecessary legal paranoia in place of the much larger body of interests with regards to the over 100,000+ registered Medical Marijuana Patients of Ohio. Let’s do everything we can to get this selfish person out of his seat of influence and get Governor Mike DeWine to appoint someone whom is a business owner with our interests in mind. Governor Mike Dewine https://governor.ohio.gov/wps/portal/gov/governocontact https://governor.ohio.gov/wps/portal/gov/governocontact/scheduling-request Office of Governor Mike Dewine Phone Number : 614-644-4357 Governor's Office Address for letters: Riffe Center, 30th Floor, 77 South High St.Columbus, OH, 43215 https://www.wkyc.com/article/news/local/lets-be-clealets-be-clear-an-open-conversation-with-ohio-gov-mike-dewine/95-f14f7c24-c366-4c8e-be65-d7d10432fb88 https://www.cincinnati.com/story/news/politics/2019/06/13/marijuana-decriminalization-ohios-mike-dewine-says-not-great-idea/1448054001/ https://www.fox19.com/2020/04/03/gov-dewine-said-he-will-look-into-allowing-delivery-medical-marijuana-ohio-patients/ https://www.wcpo.com/news/state/state-ohio/hows-ohios-medical-marijuana-industry-four-years-later Michael E. Stanek https://www.ohiomarijuanacard.com/can-i-be-fired https://castbox.fm/episode/Ep-92---The-Pulse-of-Northeast-Ohio-Business---Meet-Michael-Stanek-id2950369-id271393361?country=us 11m19s-12m17s Michael talks about how he is involved in a program where he hires past felons and his MMJ Program Involvement starts at 37m42s - 50m where he states directly his view of medical marijuana as, ‘opening pandoras box.’ https://www.greekmyths-greekmythology.com/pandoras-box-myth/ Michael describes his position against the interests of medical marijuana patients and how he wants them to be fired for using medical marijuana, and how he is committed to ensuring legislation favors and protects the Employer in their ability to fire employees who use medical marijuana because he views it as a drug not medicine, using the caveat of having a ‘Drug Free Workplace,’ as the grounds for his unethical and selfish position. From this podcast and interview Michael Stanek is in favor of felons having more access to jobs than qualified medical marijuana patients without a criminal record, whom he views as drug users who should be fired because he views the qualified Medical Marijuana Patients of Ohio as drug users whom violate ‘Drug Free Workplace Policy.’ This academic level study done by the Ohio State School of Law showed: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3688992 #2 Identifiable reason individuals in Ohio whom have qualifying conditions enabling them to use medical marijuana bettering their quality of life but cannot do so is because of fear of being fired accounting for 29% of people (Page 10 on the PDF found on Figure 4). Almost 30% of people are not doing what is in the best interest for their health because of Employers having a chokehold on what medicine Ohio citizens can have access to beyond the recommendation of their State licensed Physician in terms of the best course of action with regards to their health and quality of life. https://www.cose.org/en/Mind-Your-Business/Business-Growth/Michael-Stanek-appointed-as-the-employer-representative-on-medical-marijuana-advisory-committee https://business.csuohio.edu/pointsofpride/rotary-club-cleveland-business-leadership-awards-2018 "Michael E. Stanek is a co-owner and chief financial officer of Hunt Imaging LLC, a manufacturer of electrostatic toners and developers for use in printers and copiers. Headquartered in Berea, Ohio, Hunt Imaging serves markets worldwide and produces toner for most of the major printer manufacturers. Mr. Stanek’s passion for small business and advocacy shows through his involvement on numerous boards at the local, state and national levels. Locally, he is a member and immediate past chair of the board of directors of COSE, and he is also a member of the board of directors and the executive committee of the Greater Cleveland Partnership. Mr. Stanek is a Cleveland State University alumnus, having earned his Bachelor of Business Administration degree with a major in Accounting in 1982." Do you think a patient should be represented on the Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Board Advisory Committee? The seat representing patients is currently VACANT!!! If this program is instituted according to their #1 Guiding Principles being “Patient Centered” how do they not have this seat filled so that someone is responsible for representing patient views, concerns, desires for improvement etc., to this Advisory Committee so that the improvement of the program can be expedited? If you think this is concerning, and you think it is of great importance that someone fill that seat to be responsible for representing Patients in a Medical Marijuana Program you need to contact The Speaker to the Ohio House of Representatives Robert R. Cupp. If you think you are qualified to fulfill this position please write to Robert R. Cupp and explain why you would be a great candidate to fill this extremely important seat on the Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Board Advisory Committee. Robert R. Cupp Email – [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) http://www.ohiohouse.gov/robert-r-cupp/contact Speaker to the Ohio House of Representatives Office Address: 77 S. High St.13th Floor Columbus, OH 43215 http://www.house.state.oh.us/members/member-directory Office Phone Number: (614) 466-9624 or Call 1-800-282-0253 to reach your Representative. https://vote.norml.org/politicians/4149 https://justfacts.votesmart.org/bill/votes/56726 http://www.ohiohouse.gov/members/speaker-of-the-house-office
The Journey to Becoming Speaker
"The Speaker of the Ohio House is elected at the beginning of every General Assembly. Prior to the first day of each General Assembly, representatives-elect of the majority caucus nominate and vote on the position, which must be decided by an absolute majority. Nominations are collected by the Clerk of the Ohio House at that time. The position is then officially voted on during the first session day of the General Assembly by all House members. The new Speaker is officially sworn in on that day as well. Typically, the Speaker is a senior member of the House, and must earn the trust and support of the majority of the members in his or her caucus."
The Role of Ohio's Speaker
"As the head of the Ohio House, the Speaker guides the agenda of the chamber, presides over session and provides direction to fellow members and staff. Along with the House Leadership team, the Speaker decides when bills sponsored by individual members reach the House floor for a vote and determines committee chairmanships and leadership positions in his or her respective caucus.” https://www.npr.org/2020/07/30/897508779/ohio-house-removes-and-replaces-newly-indicted-larry-householder-as-speaker “Hours after voting unanimously to remove Larry Householder as its speaker on Thursday, members of the Ohio House of Representatives elected state Rep. Bob Cupp to replace him. Householder was arrested last week in connection with a $60 million racketeering conspiracy involving a 2019 nuclear power plant bailout bill that he helped pass, allegedly in exchange for payments. On Thursday, a federal grand jury indicted Householder with conspiracy to commit racketeering, a charge punishable by up to 20 years in prison.” http://www.ohiohouse.gov/robert-r-cupp/biography “Bob Cupp grew up working on his family’s farm in rural Allen County. A graduate of Columbus Grove Local schools, he earned his political science and law degrees from Ohio Northern University. Representative Bob Cupp is serving his third term in the Ohio House of Representatives. He has served as an elected official in all three branches of government and at both the local and state levels: as an Allen County commissioner, a four-term state senator, a court-of-appeals judge, and a justice of the Supreme Court of Ohio. He also served as a city prosecutor and as Chief Legal Counsel to former Ohio Auditor of State, Dave Yost. In the Senate, Bob served two terms as the President Pro Tempore, the Senate’s 2nd highest leader. For his legislative accomplishments, he received numerous “Legislator of the Year” awards from various organizations, was named a recipient of the “Watchdog of the Treasury Award” five times and was awarded the prestigious “Guardian of Small Business Award” from NFIB/Ohio. In 2017, Representative Cupp received the Dick Maxwell School Finance Award from the Buckeye Association of School Administrators (BASA). In addition to his public service, Bob engaged in the private practice of law in Lima for more than 25 years and has taught courses in leadership studies, judicial process, and state education policy at Ohio Northern University. He is the recipient of the State 4-H Alumni Award; past president of the 13-county Black Swamp Area Boy Scout Council; a member of Lima Trinity United Methodist Church, and the Allen County Farm Bureau."
2020.09.21 16:43 undynelikesushi15 is the new important number
Number 15: Burger king foot lettuce. The last thing you'd want in your Burger King burger is someone's foot fungus. But as it turns out, that might be what you get. A 4channer uploaded a photo anonymously to the site showcasing his feet in a plastic bin of lettuce. With the statement: "This is the lettuce you eat at Burger King." Admittedly, he had shoes on. But that's even worse. The post went live at 11:38 PM on July 16, and a mere 20 minutes later, the Burger King in question was alerted to the rogue employee. At least, I hope he's rogue. How did it happen? Well, the BK employee hadn't removed the Exif data from the uploaded photo, which suggested the culprit was somewhere in Mayfleld Heights, Ohio. This was at 11:47. Three minutes later at 11:50, the Burger King branch address was posted with wishes of happy unemployment. 5 minutes later, the news station was contacted by another 4channer. And three minutes later, at 11:58, a link was posted: BK's "Tell us about us" online forum. The foot photo, otherwise known as exhibit A, was attached. Cleveland Scene Magazine contacted the BK in question the next day. When questioned, the breakfast shift manager said "Oh, I know who that is. He's getting fired." Mystery solved, by 4chan. Now we can all go back to eating our fast food in peace.
2020.09.21 04:29 IntelligenesisLong term (4+ years) severe chronic idiopathic pancreatitis 20F. Any tips/theories/anecdotes?
This will be a long post. If it is too much to read through, no worries, I know it's a ton. Also, sorry for any mistakes or obvious misunderstanding from me. I am not a doctor and have limited medical knowledge currently. Everything I know was researched on my own time by myself, but I will try to be as concise and informative as I can! This is not for me, but for someone I am very close to, which I will refer to as HM. HM is 20 years old, and has been suffering from pancreatitis for over 4 years now, with no clues or fixes. HM does not drink, does not smoke cigarettes, and is not obese. HM is approximately 5'6" at around 130lbs. HM was heavier towards the start of the disease, but lost around 25-30lbs throughout the course due to nausea, vomiting, and lack of appetite due to pain. HM is on birth control, the kind that is put into her arm (not exactly sure what this is called). HM is white (like 98% according to her 23&me), and has lived in the US all 20 years. HM is not very active, but occasionally goes on walks or does a workout at a gym once every week or two, but not very consistently. In my opinion, HM lives a fairly sedentary lifestyle, with a little too much netflix than the average person should watch despite recommendations from others to be more active. HM has a decent diet, but not the best. She has been trying to limit all processed foods and high sugar consumption, and is decent at avoiding the bad foods. HM is unable to eat meats, and can only tolerate fish. Other meats, especially red meat and chicken, triggers extremely bad abdominal pain and typically will result in a trip to the ER. I haven't seen too much linking this meat intolerance to pancreatitis, but I guess everyone is a little bit different. This meat intolerance developed around the same time that her pancreatitis got worse. Her symptoms are nearly a textbook case of pancreatitis. It includes very bad, immobilizing pain flares daily, especially after meals. This is always accompanied by severe nausea and vomiting. Usually there is also some severe bloating as well. Imaging has always been unremarkable, with no damage to any of the organs noticed over the entire time of this disease. It has been progressively getting worse, as towards the start it was spread out between episodes, now it is a daily occurrence. There have been many ER visits throughout these years, and all end with IV fluids, pain medication, and a note saying to go see a GI again. Lots of GI issues throughout the years. We have removed gluten to try and see if it helps with "leaky gut" but nothing really changed. HM has had lots of diarrhea, constipation, and loose/greasy stools. This sort of got referred to as IBS by all the doctors, but no solutions have been suggested to us. HM has had many diagnostic tests done over the years. Many CT scans, which always end up negative. There has been two MRCPs done, one of which was with secretin, which was also normal and they were able to rule out pancreas divisum. HM has had a gastric emptying test done, which also was shown normal. Ultrasounds have always been normal. There was an EUS done, nothing of interest was found. ERCP found nothing. Colonoscopy found nothing. One study found possible microlithiases, and after that her gallbladder was removed as the providers thought this was the solution. There was a slight decrease in pain severity following the surgery, but around 2 weeks later the pain started ramping back up again. The doctors said this was normal post surgery and it would likely get better as time goes on. It did not, and this surgery was done roughly 2 years ago. She has never undergone any biopsies of the pancreas, and to my knowledge, they did not find anything on the pancreas when they removed her gallbladder. Lab tests have confirmed pancreatitis. Lipase levels are usually always elevated, especially in the case of ER admissions. The highest lipase levels shown in labs was 5,827 u/L. Second highest was 3,500 u/L. The average is usually 500-1000 u/L. Amylase was typically within normal limits, but was not always pulled as most of the doctors would only go off the lipase elevation. CRP was typically elevated as well, but that did not really help us much as it seems to be non specific. Cytomegalovirus antibody and EBV testing show positive, but could not differentiate between active or past infections. When testing for autoimmune antibodies, it appears to be negative. No monoclonal proteins were detected, IgA, IgG, and IgM were all in range. Thyroid tests have always been normal. Occasionally there would be something showing high or low on testing, such as in the CBC or AST levels, but they would always appear normal on the next lab draw. Lots and lots of blood draws have occurred over the years. She has had on occasion high glucose levels, but has never had a specific diabetes test. It is tough to see though, as going over 4 years of lab draws without knowing which tests were done fasted isn't the most accurate representation. Her most recent stool tests have began to show pancreatic insufficiency though, which is scary as its showing progression that was never seen before. Because of this, her naturopath has started HM on digestive enzymes. She is currently taking Integrative Therapeutics brand "Similase", as her intolerance to meat products produced bad reactions when she took the pork based enzymes. This supplement along with Vitamin D, has been taken by HM for around the last 2 months, and no noticeable changes have been observed. These are the only two supplements HM is taking at this time. HM does not like to take pain pills and refuses to take them, as her mother suffers from opioids addiction from presumably the same pancreatitis issue. HM instead has instead been utilizing weed use at nights, as this is the only alternative found to bring the pain down enough to be able to keep down food, and to be able to go to sleep. HM's mother had her first occurrence of probable pancreatitis at roughly 19 years old, while being pregnant with HM. This was caused by gallstones, and HM's mother had her gallbladder removed shortly after giving birth. This did not end her attacks though, and she had other surgeries which included stent placements. HM's mother also suffers from chronic alcoholism, and presumably other drug addictions besides opiates, but her pancreatitis symptoms severity and frequency is very minimal compared to HM. HM did not start using weed until after the attacks started to get worse, around 1 year into her disease. Because of this, we do not think these symptoms are caused by cannabis hyperemesis syndrome. Unfortunately, HM has been unable to take a break from weed to see if any symptoms get better, because without it she is unable to hold down food or sleep. Her sleep is already suboptimal, with lots of awakenings through the night. She also suffers from PTSD, which also negatively impacts her sleep quality and quantity. She also deals with a great amount of stress in life, and despite many pleas to try to work on this, HM has not been able to find any stress reduction techniques that have helped her in any way. HM has a decent diet, and we have tried many different suggestions over the years. Towards the start, the diet was pretty terrible, but we have slowly shifted towards cutting out processed/fast foods, high sugar foods, smarter caffeine consumption, and healthier alternatives. During this, we have tried a low-fat diet, alkaline diet, gluten free diet, and a few variations of strict anti-inflammatory diets. We have also done food sensitivity testing, and removed the "sensitive" foods. We also tried the "Meyers Way Diet" from the book "The Autoimmune Solution" by Amy Meyers. This is a restrictive anti inflammatory diet on the functional medicine side. None have made a noticeable change in HM's symptoms or pain levels. HM also attempted to do a prolonged fast to see if any changes happen, but the pain was unusually intense early on in the day, and the fast was broken around 20 hours into it. HM typically eats close to bed, as this is when she can use weed to be able to hold food down. Anytime HM eats earlier in the day, it is either a very miniscule amount of food, or she will not be able to hold it down and will get sick. HM usually would have a fairy high amount of caffeine throughout the day, but in an effort to maximize her sleep, we now limit it to one caffeinated drink per day before 11:00AM. HM has seen many specialists over the years. Starting with a few nurse practitioners and primary care doctors, we were then sent to some GI doctors in our state. We have also seen 2 naturopathic and functional medicine doctors. We have seen a team in the Seattle children's hospital, which ended with them thinking it was sicklick vomiting syndrome and IBS+D. They did not provide anymore insight or possible therapeutic fixes to these though, and HM then aged out and would not be seen by that doctor again. More recently, we have seen doctors at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio. They too did not find any insight for us, and nearly all of the professionals we saw claimed their only intervention at this point would be a total pancreatomy, which we would like to avoid until a last resort. They also were quick to rule out autoimmune pancreatitis, saying that both type 1 and type 2 would be shown by either the imaging or the IgG labs which were all negative. She has never tried a steroid trial to see, as her doctors said that taking steroids such as prednisolone would do more harm than good. HM also suffers from a few other conditions, which have all started after the pancreatitis has progressed. HM has allergies, and they continue to bother her. Most notably, to cats and to dog saliva, which is tough because she lives with multiple of both and loves them too much to think of being without them. HM also has been having some neurological symptoms, including memory issues, constant brain fog, and intense migraines. These may be attributed to the disrupted sleep cycle, and are like a negative feedback loop that consistently make each other worse. Also it could be noted that chronic weed use could disrupt the sleep type throughout the night, and impede on her REM sleep. HM has been very fatigued, and her naturopath has noticed an adrenal fatigue, probably do to the stress of this painful chronic condition, as well as HM's very stressful life with poor coping mechanisms. This has not been addressed yet either. Another condition that came up is a chronically enlarged lymph node in her neck. This has been there for nearly two years. She had an FNA done, which testing negative but they could not rule out everything. Because of this, they did an excisional biopsy, but her ENT apparently did not even remove it. He was not really good ENT and was fairly rude, so we have not seen him again. We have not been able to address this again, because the pancreas has been so active lately that it has been our priority. HM has seen multiple pain management doctors and a sleep doctor as well. These both have not led us to any new solutions. The only options we were given were a nerve blocker, which was stopped as another doctor told us that it could be linked towards increasing the risk of developing dementia. The other prescription was an adrenaline blocker, which was meant to help HM to sleep throughout the night. We did not take this one, as sleep is a very complex and mysterious activity, and I did not want to mess with it too much. Interference with something so critical when the doctor wasn't sure if it would help much did not seem like the right thing to do, which was also the opinion of her naturopath. We have tried hydrotherapy for her pancreas, which was done by a professional function medicine doctor who has been involved in multiple studies about it, but in our case it did not help HM with her symptoms. We have also done some genetic testing through 23andme. There was not too much on her report that would be relevant to her condition, so we put her raw data through some other tools and looked through SNPedia and found a few other possible relevant genes. These include
SH2B3, rs3184504 (T:T) - Increases the risk for celiac disease
APOA1, rs670 (A:G) - Slight increased risk for metabolic syndrome and dyslipidemia
ADORA2A, rs5751876 (C:T) - Possible sleep disruption with caffeine intake
SLC23A1, rs10063949 (C:T) - A slight increased risk of crohn’s disease
FADS1, rs174550 (T:T) - Decreased inflammation in conjunction with a high linoleic acid (omega-6) diet
PRSS1, rs10273639 (C:T) - Associated with hereditary pancreatitis and chronic pancreatitis, a cationic trypsinogen mutation
PRSS1, 12688220 (C:C) - Associated with acute pancreatitis in Caucasians. Autosomal dominant mutation.
TNFSF15, rs6478108 (T:T) - Associated with celiac disease and IBD. Also associated with a genome wide analysis in primary sclerosing cholangitis.
TYK2, rs12720356 (A:A) - Associated with autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, strong evidence for susceptibility to Crohn's disease.
TYK2, rs2304256(A:C)- Associated with ulcerative colitis and systemic lupus.
The two PRSS1 mutations were not really common according to the doctor in the Cleveland clinic, and he said he was not very familiar with them as they are not the prominent disease linked genes. I did not see any mutations in KCNA3, PSTI, PRSS2, R122C, A16V, CTRC, SPINK1, SERPING1, or F12 while looking through the raw data. I am not sure where we can go next. Everything has led to a dead end. I have looked into other types of medicine, supplements, peptides, IV therapies, breathwork, etc., but have been left with nothing showing any promise. We have seen so many doctors all over in all different areas of medicine, and haven't made any progress to understanding what is going on. Given the fact that HM's mom has had pancreatitis as well, and the two PRSS1 variants noticed on HM's genetic data, it looks like the best theory would be hereditary pancreatitis. Is there anything we can try to attempt to reduce these symptoms? Is a total pancreatomy the only solution at this point? Also I am sure I have forgotten some information in this post. It is a lot to cover and try to remember, so if someone needs some more info relevant to this let me know! I would greatly appreciate any suggestions for future treatments/supplements/therapies that may show some promise and are worth me looking into. Things that HM has been interested in trying for alternative therapy
BPC 157 - A peptide that anecdotally does some good for GI issues. After looking through pubmed, frontiers, and sciencedirect, it does show some promise, but a little worried on the safety and the purity of this compound.
IV Therapy - IV vitamins may be beneficial, especially if the pancreas is not doing the best job at breaking down the food, and the inflammation in the GI tract may be interfering with absorption. Have heard some anecdotes about high dose of vitamin C IV, but again, not the most sold on the safety of this.
TUDCA - If there are microlithiases present, wouldn't TUDCA help to break them down? Would this supplement be beneficial in any way as the gallbladder is no longer in the body to condense the bile?
Probiotics & Prebiotics - Wouldn't this help to build up the microbiome and maybe help with the immune system and food absorption?
If you made it this far, thank you for reading through this! I appreciate any feedback or tips! Anything relevant would be great. Thank you! While reading the rules of the sub, it says I need to have a specific medical question. Mine is, do we need to remove the pancreas? Or is there anything else that we can exhaust before this last resort surgery?
See the original article and the garbage it inspired. If you were to find the about page of his blog, you would know that he defends the blog from promoting white supremacy by simply reporting the facts. A strict reading could put together that it doesn't mean that one couldn't defend or rationalize past systems of white supremacy. I've recently revisited and clarified the issues of his Slave trade article, and soon I plan on talking about multiple issues with his slavery article as well, so today I will do the same with this one. The running theme of the piece is that disparities during Jim Crow either couldn't be explained specifically by segregation, or that disparities came larger after the 1960s thus segregation as a factor is ruled out. The problems are that -
For each aspect that he measures, he doesn't tie it to a specific expert claim on how Segregation played a role in the disparity.
He doesn't account for post-1960s factors that causes the persisting or larger disparity, and assumes post-1960s is a systematically neutral control.
For certain disparities he compares, they are inappropriate and are not indicative of what he purports.
And for the record, no, he doesn't actually talk about voting or juror restriction by race. The article- We first get a rationalization of his analysis.
When I was younger, I would read world atlases. And sometimes I would come to an article, say an article on the country Colombia, and it would say that Colombia is a world leader in coffee production, then list off some other “cash crops”. Then it would go into the growing textiles sector, and mention that it has some problem with debt. Maybe it’s a leading producer of phosphates as well or something. And if you read all of this qualitative, subjective description, you would never realize that Colombia was poor. It’s not until you got to “per capita GDP” that you would discover that it was $3,000 per capita. You could also have someone qualitatively describe a football game between Auburn and Alabama. And they could do highlights, and describe some of the big plays, and you wouldn’t know that Alabama completely steamrolled Auburn until you looked at the box score. Or imagine if your son was “describing” qualitatively and subjectively how he was doing in his classes. As a parent you don’t care, you want to see the damn grades. And so the effects of segregation on blacks. What does the data say? Because in school when segregation is taught, it’s the equivalent of describing a football game by just looking at the highlights and not the box score. It’s cat-lady storytime. Well, there are a few big go-to topics that popped into my mind to try to quantify the effects of segregation on blacks: cops and courts, schools, income and lynching. So that’s what I go-to’d.
1. Incarceration rate The incarceration rate for blacks relative to whites has increased at least since 1930, probably long before that. So in terms of blacks being targeted for being sent to prison, it looks like they were substantially less targeted compared to today. So if the legal systems were unfair during segregation, they appear to be even more unfair today. Or perhaps they weren’t unfair during segregation, are unfair today, or perhaps the laws are different today in a way that disparately impacts blacks more than they did in the past. There are all sorts of things we can speculate, but it’s not immediately or obviously apparent, from the data, that the legal system was particularly keen on incarcerating blacks compared to today.
So for those of you more keen on race and mass incarceration, you would know that this is particularly strong in Northern Urban regions rather than the South. A whole demographic transition occurred that accounted for it. Not to mention he never actually looked for studies that purport to address biases during Jim Crow. What does he find through is roundabout ways?
2. Prison sentences For prison sentences, the numbers have been remarkably stable. When you look at length of prison terms for blacks compared to whites after the FIRST release from prison, it’s very close. The first release data is important because none of these are repeat offenders. Repeat offenders get more time, and blacks are more likely to be repeat offenders. That said, based on the data below, blacks serve roughly ~15% longer prison terms for their first term. It could be because the crimes blacks commit within each category are, on average, more severe. It could be racial bias on the part of judges. Or it could be that blacks have worse courtroom behavior, as when IQ is controlled for, the racial gap in prison sentences goes away. But what you don’t see is blacks having longer prison sentences during segregation. Black Multiple of White Median Time Served For ALL Releases in State and Federal Prisons Now what if we looked at median prison time served just in the South, and back in 1937 – smack in the middle of “Jim Crow” – and included repeat offenders, of which black inmates are a higher proportion today? The result is not that much different from the entire US today: Black Multiple of White Median Time Served For ALL Releases in 14 Southern States in State and Federal Prisons Remember, the 1937 data is JUST from the South, supposedly the hot seat of bigotry, and includes repeat offenders. Homicide data is an unweighted average of each category. In 1937 and 1952 they used Murder and Manslaughter, in 1964 they just had Homicide, and in 2009 they had Murder, Negligent Manslaughter and Non-Negligent Manslaughter. In case you think I am cherry-picking the years to paint a particular narrative, these are literally just the years used in the Bureau of Justice report I am citing. And so what we can see is that the black-white incarceration gap is wider today than it was in 1930. In addition, the racial gap in sentence length for first offenders does not appear to have changed at all. Even the data that INCLUDED repeat offenders just in the South in 1937 doesn’t differ that much from the first-time offender data nationally and later. And so this makes the idea that the current US legal system was more biased against blacks during segregation than it is today SEEM false.
So this is a good example of a data point that doesn't correspond to a specific Civil Rights claim for Jim Crow relative to the post-1960s. Mass incarceration is usually shown as being a post 1960s phenomenon of bias as a particular, in connection to Blacks increasing presence in the North. His source supports it. On page 88.
The median time served for the total was 17 days. For blacks the median was 2 days longer, 19 days. Interestingly, there were larger differences between whites and blacks in time served in the North than in the South. The median time served in the North for whites was 18 days and for blacks a full week longer, 25 days. In the South the median was 17 days for blacks and 16 days for whites. Looking at time served by offense, these differences continue.
Typical civil rights claims are in regard the lack of Black Jurors deals with not simply length of prison time but biases towards choosing conviction by a white jury relative to a comparable white defendant, which this doesn't study. Therefore, the proper way how to study this would be conviction rates in the same region overtime, such as the South, and compared between different types of juries and defendants. I lack data on this, but one form of bias I have found was application of the death Penalty for rape in the South from the 1930s to the 1960s was harsher not just for Black Criminals, but for Black criminals accused ofraping whites. In further detail, 13% of Black rapists in 11 southern states received the death penalty compared to 2% of whites. Decreases in overall non-white (likely black) executions, by his source, decreased sharply after the 1960s. Overtime, rates of executions decreased even though crime increased into this period. Mind you, there were death penalty changes around this time. This source, btw, contains a variety of measurements by race during Jim Crow into the present that could suggest bias outside of merely prison sentences.
3. Lynching A related topic to this is lynching. From Richard M. Perloff, Professor of Communication at Cleveland State University: “Approximately 4,742 individuals were lynched between 1882 and 1968; of the victims, 3,445 or 73 percent were Black.” All lynchings were in response to a claimed offense, such as a rape or stealing cattle. Blacks were 72.65% of all recorded lynchings while being ~26.87% of the population of the South at the time. The Black population of the Southern US 1880-1970 averages 26.87% at each decade. And so based on their population alone, if lynchings were race-neutral, and we knew nothing about race differences in violent crime going in, we would expect 26.87% of all lynchings to be of blacks. Blacks comprised 72.65% of all lynchings, giving them a representation 2.70 times their population. However, according to wikipedia, most lynchings occurred between 1882 and 1920, and during that time period the average black population was 31.76% of the southern US population. Using this number, blacks as a percentage of lynchings are only 2.29 times their percentage of the population. If we split the difference and just say that the black population of the south was 29.32% of the total population, then blacks as a percentage of lynchings was 2.48 times their percentage of the population. By comparison, in 2010, blacks comprised 12.6% of the total US population, but were 38.13% of the population charged for violent crimes, giving them a representation 3.03 times their population. And so by raw numbers the lynch mobs appear to be slightly less racially targeting than the current US legal system is. Here are those numbers put in a table:
So when I first read this I thought he was comparing lynchings to police shootings. The second time shows me how asinine he is. This is a good example of an inappropriate comparison. Being charged with a crime isn't the same as a lynching, lynchings are categorized by the source he originally used for sentencing as an execution, one of the trends that decreased in rates for blacks and as established was higher in the South in ways suggestive of bias. From his source-
Almost three-fourths (73 percent) of those lynched between 1890 and 1962 (the date of the last recorded lynching) were black, and in the same period, 54 percent of those executed were nonwhite. About 90 percent of those dying under State authority were executed for homicide. Only 41 percent of illegal lynchings were for homicide (Tables 2-1 and 2-2).
This is more or less consistent with my studies showing that, in the South, rape (the next largest portion of lynching offenses After Homicide) was disproportionately applied to black men with death. Lynchings, as well decreased in accordance with campaigning against it as established in my Dwight Murphey post. This would be an example of civil rights interacting with oppression.
4. Income This is where arguments regarding the negative effects of segregation start to have some backing in data. Looking at census data from 1948, we can see that black income as a proportion of white income went from around 44% in 1948 to about 80% in 2000. This looks like a massive effect from desegregation on it’s face: 📷 However, there is some interesting data from 1880. If you just look within regions, the racial gap is much less. At that time, black workers earned on median 37% of what white workers earned. However, if you just looked at the south, blacks earned 58% of what white workers earned. So just with that regional control we’re already almost half way to the current black-white income ratio. Population and wage income by race and region in 1880 But the paper did something else – it looked at black labor income relative to whites, but just looked a rural southern whites and blacks, and only looked at labor income. And in that instance, black income was 89% of white income: 📷 And so when you look at the same region, and the same kind of work, and just compare the wages of workers, the black-white income gap in the rural South was only 11%, lower than it is today. And that difference could very plausibly be due to blacks having fewer skills on average in 1880. I would be interested to see similar thin slices just looking at urban blacks in the south vs. urban whites in the south, and urban blacks in the north to urban whites in the north. I suspect that the more you held constant region and urban/rural divide, the smaller the racial gap would be. Which is to say, that it seems like much of the black-white income gap could have been a function of blacks living in rural areas (which were poorer back then) and living in the south (which was poorer back then). In addition, we can see that the narrowing of the black-white income gap roughly corresponds with blacks moving out of the south. This is not a 1:1 correlation, but it is does suggest that simply moving out of the south), which began in earnest around 1910, is part of the explanation for the narrowing of the black-white income gap: 📷 And in the north, where more of the blacks were slaves who had earned their freedom before 1865, black wages as a proportion of white wages were higher. In fact blacks in the north were wealthier than whites in the south for quite some time. Moreover, the narrowing of the black-white income gap at the national level occurred almost entirely during segregation. So to say that the smaller amount of narrowing that occurred following desegregation was in fact a result of desegregation is something that sounds kinda plausible – there’s certainly a little story you can tell – but there’s very little data for it. The most you could say is that there was a brief acceleration of the narrowing of the black-white income gap immediately after 1965, but that could be a coincidence, and even if you want to say it was a result of the civil rights act, then the acceleration versus a continuation of the previous trend is still only going to be like 2%. Now as for why the black-white income gap narrowed from 1948 (at least) to 2000, that’s another topic. I suspect much of it has to do with the economic rise of the south and the migration of blacks away from the rural economy. Also this higher income may not have corresponded with a rise in living standards relative to whites since the cost of living may have increased, but that’s more speculative. But desegregation doesn’t appear to have any relevance to it. So even the narrowing of the black-white income gap, long touted as prime evidence that segregation was previously suppressing black wages, the evidence is not so clear on that.
So, he decreased the gap however in a way that was not applied to the modern gap, therefore makes his comparison null. He spends most of this section explaining factors pertaining to geography and the like explaining the gap, even though it's existence is tied to both slavery and the economic and educational limitations of the South for Blacks. This can be seen in the lack of second generation benefits of white migrants relative to black migrants, those born in the North being positively selected for those returning to the South, and the steeper reduction in poverty among southern Blacks due to migrants that returned to the South. Likewise, despite his claims that Northern Blacks being richer than Southern Whites, he doesn't produce a chart or study showing that.
5. Wealth and Employment Two more things to consider is that up until the 1950’s blacks had employment rates similar to that of whites. And the unemployment rate in blacks grew much more after 1965: 📷 And in terms of wealth, black wealth as a proportion of white wealth has remained stagnant since 1963: Moreover, I would say that the absolute disparity is more important than the black-white ratio. Because lets say you have $10 and Bob has $100. That’s a $90 gap. Depending on your job, that’s a day’s wage, or half a day’s wage. Now if you have $100 and Bob has $900, now you’re looking at multiple days’ wage. And so on and so on. So even though the relation is the same, the practical importance of the gap is growing. Also just the total dollar amount difference is increasing. And these are all in “2013 dollars”, which adjusts for inflation. And so when people say that the relative economic situation of blacks has improved relative to whites since segregation, they’re looking at one thing: nominal income at the national level. They’re not looking at employment, at wealth, or how much, if at all, the income gap has narrowed when controlling for what region of the country we’re looking at, or if it’s urban or rural.
While this is worth pointing out, it fails to account for complex factors of the great migration. While gains were present, unemployment increased due to urban living and relatively higher demands in skill compared to the South. This can be seen by actually referencing the study he pulls the chart from, where changes in unemployment occur earlier and become starker outside of the South. What is also interesting his how an earlier study done by one of the researchers of the 1999 study he cites notes how human capital can't explain as much of the gap in the North as it can in the South.
6. Schools Another argument that segregation depressed black economic success is their lower school funding. On average, from 1890 to 1950, the average of how much each state spent on black schools as a proportion of what they spent on white schools was 56.96%. So they had less funding. But funding for what? For “better teachers”? What’s a “better teacher”? What has been found in the US is that increased real spending on schools has not increased overall performance since the 1970s, and more importantly voucher studies have shown that the school an individual goes to has no real impact on either GPA, standardized test scores or future college attendance. So the fact that additional funding didn’t matter in 1970 is one thing. But did it matter from 1870 to 1954? Well, we don’t have regular standardized tests from that time period, but we do have a nationally representative IQ test done in 1917 for all US army conscripts for World War 1. In it blacks scored a median of 83 compared to the white score that was set to 100. Today the black median is still at 85. Okay, two points. And my guess is they were hollow for “g” anyway. Certainly there were journalists at the time who did “investigative journalism” and wrote anecdotal reports of how bad the black schools were. Michael Moore does “investigative journalism” today too about how great the Cuban healthcare system is. Walter Duranty visited the USSR in the 1930s and came back writing glowing reviews of the benevolent, if firm, policies of Stalin. Maybe they were telling the truth, maybe they were making things up, who knows. Black schools were probably worse But the question is how much worse really? And for most people, did it even matter? Most of what people learn in school they forget anyway, so aside from literacy and basic math, the practical importance of school would be minimal for most people at that time. And the culture of school credentials as a signal to employers hadn’t developed yet, so at the time any “educational disadvantages” blacks had, whatever they were and if any, would not matter in terms of credential-signaling because that hadn’t developed yet, and in terms of knowledge beyond basic literacy and math – that all gets forgotten anyway.
He could've mentioned the Coleman Report but didn't. This is a pretty major study in this particular field of social science, so for Faulk to miss something crucial to grounding his point only demonstrates his lack of familiarity with the material.
I'm going to to assume, since the link is dead, that the studies referenced in that link doesn't account for how money is spent.
His study cites work from a cosumer behavior course, not actual studies on schools.
A recent study shows that for Jim Crow, school quality accounts for the majority of the wage gap for the era.
Previous data given regarding the Great Migration would indicate that education and a market to use it made generational different for blacks, even considering selection.
7. Countrymen? This section is a bit of a digression. In a broader sense, blacks weren’t seen as legitimate countrymen to some extent for some time in the region. And so since the blacks were viewed as “foreigners” to southern whites, who to some extent viewed northern whites as foreigners as well, they didn’t think they owed the blacks equal school funding any more than they owed people from Peru or Romania or China equal school funding. I.e. the black-white gap in school funding meant as much to them as the american-chinese gap in school funding, as both the Chinese and the blacks were foreign to the southern whites. Now you can have whatever opinion you want about it, and say that blacks were rightful countrymen of southern whites, and really pound your fists in self-righteous certainty about it because you “know it to be true”. That’s certainly your viewpoint. But understand that it is just your viewpoint, and when you realize that the southern whites viewed blacks the way we look at illegal immigrants today, and that the times during which either repatriation of blacks to Africa or creating a separate black country out of land in the US were serious proposals were still in living memory at the time. Today blacks have been part of the US for so long that such proposals probably seem bizarre to you. And they would bizarre and cruel if implemented today. But also remember that the US had to impose military governments in the south in order to pass the 14th amendment that gave the blacks citizenship. And Oregon, New Jersey and Ohio renounced their ratification of the 14th amendment after the fact in protest of this action. Obviously is was a symbolic gesture, but it showed that opposition to the way the 14th amendment was passed wasn’t considered some kooky fringe idea at the time. Of course it is now because if you bring up the use of military governments in passing the 14th amendment – well, “only racists talk about that”, so it just gets dismissed. But yes, understand that the 14th amendment was seen like granting “amnesty” to the illegals is today – it would be creating an alternative method of granting citizenship for a specific group of non-citizens in the US today. (And the fact that more whites supported granting citizenship to the black slaves at the time than supporting granting amnesty to illegals today is support for a theory I have about whites in the past being more “neurologically left-wing” even if they would be considered today to hold “far-right” positions by today’s standards.)
Despite whatever perceptions American whites had about Americans blacks, it doesn't change the facts were that blacks were not comparable to the Chinese at the time. The cultural gaps and their economic history on a racial basis doesn't justify it.
The basis of historical relativism in this case was seeming argued further in his MLK video, now deleted. That is, as argued by others before, whites didn't have to pay taxes for Black schools. This causes obvious problems as the average black had only limited wealth to tax in large part due to limited skills.
Faulk's self prophesied Conclusion- So, what do we learn from his conclusions? He bizarrely begins with a tangent on the Zimmerman and Wilson trials and the correlated of media knowledge. Some excerpts.
The jurors certainly knew more facts about each case than the general public did. Moreover, whites are more likely to believe Zimmerman and Wilson were justified, and whites do better on tests of current events knowledge. In addition, males, who do better on current events knowledge tests than females, also were more satisfied with the Zimmerman verdict than women, and women do worse on current events knowledge tests. Also, people with higher education levels approved the verdict as well. Thus, all three factors that correlate with general political and current events knowledge (being white, being male and having lots of time in school) also correlate with approving the Zimmerman trial verdict. And the people who had the MOST knowledge – the jurors – unanimously found Zimmerman not guilty. If you go by the literature in news media talking about “institutional racism” and “white privilege”, it’s not immediately obvious that the aggregate of all media is any less obsessed with the plight of the coloreds than they were in 1964. Maybe they were, but I have no way to really tell.
Do you see it? Do you see that lack of any real transition? Maybe some further comment can help.
But lets say Derrick Wilson killed “the gentle giant” in 1961. There was no internet in 1961, what you knew about the events was what a few major news outlets chose to report. As it happens, a jury also found J.W. Milam and Roy Bryant not guilty of murder in their killing of Emmett Till. And what do you know about that event? Do the facts you know of the Emmett Till verdict seem to paint a one-sided story to where it is unbelievable, yes, unbelievable that a jury would find Bryant and Milam not guilty?
Once again we have a comparison that isn't proper. The modern day examples leaves no ambiguity as to who killed who, it was a matter of whether the killing was justified or not. The Emmett Till situation was vastly different, since the matter of whether or not Till was killed, whether or not Milam and Bryant were guilty, or exactly what happened between Till and Bryant in the store. Her own account only goes as far as to say that she was grabbed by the waist, while press releases by the defense/police was explicitly more violent. Both stories differ from her original account to her lawyers. Even the officer who initially believed that the body belonged to Till changed his mind when the town's reputation began to be tarnished. Furthermore, even if we are to treat the Till case like the modern day examples, it only shows the hairiness of the case itself. Despite the defense being that Till is not confirmed dead, and that the brothers were innocent of murder, part of their defense regarding Till's actions and the release of Louis Till's rape record by politicians shows a blatant message. That even if the brothers killed Till, it was justified despite nonetheless being illegal. Anyone, however, can read the various sources that talks about the issue at length. Personally I have Devery Anderson's most recent book.
Because we all know that the courts in the South were incredibly unfair to the blacks? Except there’s no real data to support that at the time,
In regards to death penalties, legal and illegal, for interracial rape, we do. This is supported, along with the data, In regards to changing testimonies in the case of Till, from the police, we do. From the fact that shortly afterward another white on black murder with a white witness (and multiple black ones) claiming otherwise. Said white was not only a friend of the defendants of the Till case, but was defended by the same officer who doubted the corpse's identity. Point is that an entire survey of the south as a premise of bias is unnecessary (though supportive) of bias. The specific town where the crime took place has plenty of evidence of bias during the trial stemming from community values.
and victim surveys from modern times correspond with the police arrest rates, and police are more likely to kill a white person in any given arrest situation, are more likely to shoot blacks in simulations, and the black percentage of killing cops is higher than their percentage of being killed by cops. And in fact the black incarceration rate relative to whites is HIGHER than it was during segregation.
Irrelevant to the context of Till, a circumstance so legally unique from the above examples it shows Faulk's ignorance. The only connection is the matter of white credibility in modern settings verses in the context of a particular case.
As shown in previous articles, modern “institutional racism” in terms of police and court bias, callbacksand educationalopportunities are very easily revealed to be phantasms – or at the very least the issue of whether or not they exist is much more complex than the basic statistics you hear on tumblr and huffpo posts would suggest.
Both articles are shitty, see United Left on the school vouchers argument.
Recent studies have shown that residential racial segregation has increased in the United States. This is an improvement over older studies which simply looked at cities and the percentage of each race in the cities. These newer methods actually look at the likelihood of you having a neighbor of a different race, and find that racial segregation is increasing.
So it's basically comparing two different types of "segregation", the conventional method comparing pre-1960s trends nonetheless decreasing.
We already know that schools are more segregated than they were during the late 1960s. Now this is a profound thing; you’ve been to school. You had first hand experience with how racially segregated they were. THAT was close to what it was like during Jim Crow that we hear so many stories about. So… how segregated did it seem?
In other places on this site, Sean and I make arguments about how currently, blacks and hispanics are not getting a raw deal in employment, courts or education. But what surprised me was just how much, looking into the past, the old days seem so similar to today in terms of the lot of blacks compared to whites. They are drawn parallel. The past is not far away, it’s right here. 60 years ago was yesterday.
Only your superficial understanding of the 1960s, or any decade before.
2020.09.15 04:15 wisdom_man1Researchers gain head start in coronavirus vaccine race Fast-track techniques used in cell and gene therapies are proving invaluable in the fight against Covid-19
Adam Barker, healthcare equity analyst at Shore Capital, estimates some 40 trials of MSCs are under way for Covid-19. “The data from human studies of MSCs for pneumonia and influenza suggest they are generally safe and may reduce the risk of death, albeit the data are not conclusive,” he says. “The other hope is that they might help tissue regrow — that potential regenerative capacity, which is the holy grail of stem cell medicine,” he adds. Athersys, in Cleveland, Ohio, is working on a different type of stem cell, multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPCs), derived from adult bone marrow, to calm the immune response caused by ARDS. Like MSCs, MAPCs attract less hostile attention from the immune system than other cell types. They do not have the distinctive molecular structures — the antigens — on their surface that typically induce a strong immune response, so they are less likely to cause a cytokine storm. Eric Jenkins, senior medical director and head of clinical operations at Athersys, says one of the advantages of MAPCs over MSCs is that they can be multiplied in much greater volume in the lab. This provides a level of consistency that will help win regulatory approval. “Being able to create millions of doses from a single donor collection permits you to develop a really well characterised, standardised and stable product on a commercial scale,” he says. “Having to frequently collect and culture bone marrow is problematic, because essentially it is a new product every time.” Athersys already has an investigational MAPC product, MultiStem, which is used in late-stage clinical trials for acute ischemic stroke, and for ARDS in pneumonia patients. The US Food and Drug Administration has granted authorisation for MultiStem to be tested on Covid-19 patients with ARDS, and recruitment is under way. https://www.ft.com/content/b5356f28-4c17-4913-b07e-f839a5ec80bf
2020.09.10 11:47 SimNews_MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities
As we have learned, the entire Earth of the next-generation Microsoft Flight Simulator is based on Bing Maps satellite imagery, filled with Blackshark.ai’s auto-generated objects, such as houses, trees, and windmills. A few hundreds of cities, strictly speaking of 341, mostly in North America and Europe, have been presented more accurately by using photogrammetry. In some cities, the data may be a few years old, which can be seen as old commercials in some of the billboards. More highly modeled cities will come in the future as World Update for sure, although there is no confirmation on this yet. Below is the list of highly modeled cities, organized by countries and states (United States). https://preview.redd.it/sh7jmidhkam51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=bbe72d114c968abb0a1d456996e4e32a3a34640c
2020.09.10 10:35 SimNews_MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities
As we have learned, the entire Earth of the next-generation Microsoft Flight Simulator is based on Bing Maps satellite imagery, filled with Blackshark.ai’s auto-generated objects, such as houses, trees, and windmills. A few hundreds of cities, strictly speaking of 341, mostly in North America and Europe, have been presented more accurately by using photogrammetry. In some cities, the data may be a few years old, which can be seen as old commercials in some of the billboards. More highly modeled cities will come in the future as World Update for sure, although there is no confirmation on this yet. Below is the list of highly modeled cities, organized by countries and states (United States). https://preview.redd.it/7cfz2j2n7am51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=fc1c175d888f1f7ed140d8ff4b933209a383cd2d
Lake Havasu City
San Tan Valley
Desert Hot Springs
New Smyrna Beach
Port St. Lucie
Universal Studios Florida
Walt Disney World Resort
Salt Lake City
Fond du Lac
Microsoft Flight Simulator is available as a digital purchase from Microsoft Store and Steam as well as a DVD box from Aerosoft. Prices are for Standard 69.99 EUR, Deluxe 89.99 EUR, and Premium Deluxe 119.99 EUR. Standard Edition is also included in Xbox Game Pass for PC monthly subscription.
https://www.cleveland.com/datacentral/2020/09/mapping-ohios-131336-coronavirus-cases-updates-new-cases-trend-younger.html Ohio added an average of 1,168 coronavirus cases a day over the last week, fueled by an increase in infections to younger people, though hospitalizations overall continue to decline, data from the Ohio Department of Health shows. There were 131,336 cases, 13,887 hospitalizations and 4,276 deaths reported through Monday. This means that 1-in-89 Ohioans is now known to have contracted the virus. Yet, the number of those hospitalized dipped below 700 on Sunday for the first time since June 30 and stayed there on Monday. The Ohio Hospital Association reported 691 coronavirus patients on Sunday and a preliminary count of 686 for Monday. This is down from a record 1,112 on July 28. Among the patients, the number in intensive care units has also been trending down, standing at 244 on Monday. There were 367 on Aug. 9.
2020.09.07 23:54 Armaan_SandhuGuys, the new important number is 15
Number 15: Burger king foot lettuce. The last thing you'd want in your Burger King burger is someone's foot fungus. But as it turns out, that might be what you get. A 4channer uploaded a photo anonymously to the site showcasing his feet in a plastic bin of lettuce. With the statement: "This is the lettuce you eat at Burger King." Admittedly, he had shoes on. But that's even worse. The post went live at 11:38 PM on July 16, and a mere 20 minutes later, the Burger King in question was alerted to the rogue employee. At least, I hope he's rogue. How did it happen? Well, the BK employee hadn't removed the Exif data from the uploaded photo, which suggested the culprit was somewhere in Mayfleld Heights, Ohio. This was at 11:47. Three minutes later at 11:50, the Burger King branch address was posted with wishes of happy unemployment. 5 minutes later, the news station was contacted by another 4channer. And three minutes later, at 11:58, a link was posted: BK's "Tell us about us" online forum. The foot photo, otherwise known as exhibit A, was attached. Cleveland Scene Magazine contacted the BK in question the next day. When questioned, the breakfast shift manager said "Oh, I know who that is. He's getting fired." Mystery solved, by 4chan. Now we can all go back to eating our fast food in peace.
2020.09.07 07:48 visaconnection1Virtual Internship Opportunity – USA
Internship Program for International Students
Remote internship opportunities to graduate students—a new way to gain real-world experience and career skills with US companies. Some of the US Universities are offering a virtual internship program designed to help international graduate students gain valuable work experience for their resumes. Internships are temporary workplace training programs, available to university students for a predetermined period of time. By working remotely, students can access opportunities anywhere in the US, and complete their internship from anywhere in the world. No CPT required. Graduate Students those have already enrolled in the following Universities for Fall 2020 or Spring 2021 will get the opportunity for Virtual Internships by applying for Career Accelerator Program (CAP) for an additional $2,500 per semester, which will reflect in their Tuition Fees
Name of the University
1 Adelphi University, New York 2 American University, D.C. 3 Auburn University, Auburn 4 Cleveland State University 5 University of Dayton, Ohio 6 The University of Illinois at Chicago 7 University of Mississippi, Oxford 8 University of Pacific, Northern California 9 University of South Carolina, Columbia
Students will benefit from
• Students will be eligible for the full duration of OPT and CPT once they arrive in the US • Industry-specific skills training and real-life work experiences at growing companies • Mentorship from industry experts Remote work skills training including skills in software/platforms • Cross-cultural competencies development and high-touch Career Accelerator curriculum • Global networking opportunities, including access to exclusive employer events • Certificates in design thinking and global citizenship • Hands-on training in computer software and academic research Students can explore entry-level work in a variety of industries including banking, business analytics, data science, digital marketing, finance, fundraising and foundation research, gaming, marketing, real estate technology, social media market intelligence, and venture capital. Scholarships of up to $1,000 are available to students who confirm their place by 31 August.
2020.09.07 00:48 PersonWithDaNameGUYS I FIGURED IT OUT 3X5=15
NUMBER 15 The last thing you'd want in your Burger King burger is someone's foot fungus. But as it turns out, that might be what you get. A 4channer uploaded a photo anonymously to the site showcasing his feet in a plastic bin of lettuce. With the statement: "This is the lettuce you eat at Burger King." Admittedly, he had shoes on. But that's even worse. The post went live at 11:38 PM on July 16, and a mere 20 minutes later, the Burger King in question was alerted to the rogue employee. At least, I hope he's rogue. How did it happen? Well, the BK employee hadn't removed the Exif data from the uploaded photo, which suggested the culprit was somewhere in Mayfield Heights, Ohio. This was at 11:47. Three minutes later at 11:50, the Burger King branch address was posted with wishes of happy unemployment. 5 minutes later, the news station was contacted by another 4channer. And three minutes later, at 11:58, a link was posted: BK's "Tell us about us" online forum. The foot photo, otherwise known as exhibit A, was attached. Cleveland Scene Magazine contacted the BK in question the next day. When questioned, the breakfast shift manager said "Oh, I know who that is. He's getting fired." Mystery solved, by 4chan. Now we can all go back to eating our fast food in peace.
2020.09.03 06:31 Ivan_the_UnpleasantLong Live the Human! Now His Invincible Majesty Must Choose a Bride!
Eight years. For eight long and bloody years, Maxwell Browning had led the war effort to depose the Lich-King Ameilikhos. Max—a 29-year-old former data-entry clerk and call-center drone, a loser, a nobody—had somehow been instrumental in uniting all the bickering factions scattered throughout the mystical Runelands. Against all odds, he had led them to victory as they had fought their way, inch by gruesome inch, across the whole of the continent. And now, at long last, the Lich-King was gone, his thousand-year reign of darkness and terror over. It was over. “Well,” said Max, mostly to himself, “at least now that it’s over, I can finally get some fucking rest.” He was seated upon a great marble throne, in the grand hall of the royal palace at Emain Albach, once upon a very long time ago the seat of power for the Tuatha Dé Dannan, the fairy-folk who had ruled the Runelands in the age before the rise of the Lich-King. Standing at his right hand was Cadmus the minotaur, Max’s bodyguard and, for many years now, his trusted brother-in-arms. At his left stood Gaius, a portly and aged satyr, Max’s onetime military advisor—but now he was probably going to become Max’s vizier or chamberlain or minister or something. “What do you mean over, Your Majesty?” rumbled Cadmus in his deep bass of a voice. “I thought you still wanted to find a way back home to your country. To the Cleaving Lands.” “It’s Cleveland,” Max corrected. “And don’t call me ‘Your Majesty.’ I can’t run a country! I’m just a—a regular guy from Ohio!” Gaius sniffed and adjusted his monocle. “Be that as it may, Sire, until you can locate another of these so-called ‘wormholes’ to take you back to your realm of ‘Urth,’ the sensible thing to do would be to remain here, in the Runelands, where you are among friends.” “Yeah,” protested Max, “but they wanna make me king!” “Of course they do,” said Gaius. “You are Maxwell. The Human. The Invincible.” Max slumped over in the throne and let his face fall into his hands. “Please don’t,” he whined. It was bad enough that he was being hailed in the streets as a savior, a conqueror, a hero. Now there were also rumors flying hither and thither that Max, being human, was some kind of immortal being who couldn’t die. Some kind of… demigod. Granted, those rumors weren’t without merit. But still… “I’m afraid that I must, Sire,” said Gaius. “It is my duty. The people will have no ruler but you. None but the Lich-Slayer can keep the kindreds united!” Cadmus chucked Max on the shoulder with a gentle punch—“gentle” for the minotaur still had Max’s upper arm smarting—and said, “Look at it this way, shield-brother. If you’re king, you’re in charge! Then you can do whatever you want!” Gaius tried to interject. “That’s not exactly how it works—” But Max cut him off. “Hey, you’re right! You know, we do have a saying where I come from: ‘It’s good to be the king!’” “That’s the spirit!” said Cadmus with a wide smile. Gaius harrumphed and said, “It isn’t quite that simple, Sire. There are still laws; charters; councils; the nobility; the druids’ circle; and, of course, our treaties with our allies.” “Details,” said Max, getting up from the throne and throwing an arm around Gaius’s shoulder. “That’s what I’ve got you for, buddy!” Gaius cleared his throat and politely extricated himself from the human’s half-embrace. “Ahem. Yes, well, as it happens, it is also my duty to bring one of those small details to your attention now. Before we can proceed with the official coronation, Your Majesty must choose a bride.” Max froze. “What?” Cadmus somehow managed to grin even wider and slapped Max on the back. “Congratulations!” Max stumbled forward a couple of steps and stammered as he straightened his new ermine robe. “A bride!? But that’s—I couldn’t—I mean, how I can I possibly do that!? There aren’t any other humans in this dimension!” Gaius fixed an intent gaze on the human and said, “Obviously, Your Majesty will have to take a wife from a species other than human.” Max stared. “You’re kidding.” “I am not,” said Gaius. “And I have to go through with this, or else I can’t be king?” “That is the law,” said the satyr with a nod. “Great,” said Max, taking off his robe and tossing it onto the throne. “Then I quit. You can find someone else to do the job. C’mon, Big Guy; let’s go hit up a tavern or three—” “Your Majesty,” growled Gaius through gritted teeth. “The Alliance? The treaties?” Max sighed. “If I walk, it all falls apart, doesn’t it?” “I wish it were not so,” said the satyr, empathy in his voice, “but with the Lich-King gone, the Alliance is more tenuous than ever. If you do not wear the crown, it could mean civil war!” Max growled in annoyance and looked up at the grand hall’s high-vaulted ceiling. “Ugh—fine!” After a moment, he asked, “How much time do I have to decide?” “Very little, I’m afraid,” said Gaius. “The supplicants are already here.” “What!?” “Your potential brides are already here,” said Gaius again. “They only await Your Majesty’s convenience.” Max slumped back down onto the throne. “What do you need me to do?” • • • Max reclined listlessly on the cold marble seat, once again wearing his fancy royal robe. Because this was a formal occasion, he also had to carry the royal scepter in one hand and some kind of shiny… orb-thingy in the other. Apparently, it was important. Max didn’t really give a hoot. Aðela, the cute little green goblin princess, had already offered him riches beyond his wildest imaginings, vast stores of precious stones and metals from the depths of the under-mountain. Elëa, the troll princess (who was a statuesque beauty, surprisingly attractive despite her horns and tail), had already offered him all the knowledge of her people, secret lore collected down through the centuries and kept safe in carefully hidden libraries. Zyânna, the lithe and brawny orc-queen, had offered up her hordes of barbarian warriors and all the plunder of the steppes. Pirate-Queen Anastasia, a scylla with eight writhing octopus-tentacles where a more humanoid woman would have had legs, had offered command over all her fleets and a veritable trove of maps to sunken treasure. There had been many others; the queue still stretched on past the grand double-doors and clear out of the throne-room, into the columned gallery beyond. Now it was Princess Aulinora’s turn. The daughter of the Elf-King stood before the throne, a model of slender grace and regal beauty. “If Your Majesty chooses me,” she said, her voice as golden as her loose ringlets of hair, “you shall have a wife who will remain ever-youthful even unto your waning years—and you will command the mightiest wizards in all the Runelands, to say nothing of the elves’ unparalleled collection of charms, enchantments, and dweomered artifacts!” “That’s… very generous,” said Max, trying not to sound bored. “Do you think—could your wizards open a portal back to my world?” Princess Aulinora was taken aback by the question. “I—I do not know, Majesty,” she stammered. “It is—possible? Perhaps?” Max nodded. “Well; I’ll be sure to keep your phone number in my little black book. Next?” At the princess’s questioning look, Gaius (who had been using a quill to tick names off of a scroll that unfurled all the way down to his hooves) explained, “His Majesty means that he will take Your Highness’s most generous offer under consideration, but first he must hear from all of his suitresses. I’m sure Your Highness understands.” “Of course,” said the elf-princess, her voice a mask of practiced politesse. As she bowed low and moved aside, Gaius shot Max a withering glare. Max just rolled his eyes and motioned for the next girl to come forward. A pale, voluptuous figure in tight black leather and a blood-red cape approached the throne. Gaius adjusted his monocle and consulted his scroll. “Her Nocturnal Majesty, Mihaela, Queen of the Vampires,” he announced. Max shuddered, and he slowly set aside the scepter and orb and reached for his weapon—a high-powered, bolt-action rifle of his own devising, its barrel forged from dwarven adamant and inscribed up and down with all manner of sigils, runes, and spells—from where it lay resting against the base of his throne. Vampires gave him the heebie-jeebies. “Let me guess,” he said before Queen Mihaela could speak. “You offer me the gift of eternal life and the wisdom of centuries, or some jazz like that?” Mihaela’s blood-red lips formed a predatory grin, and she answered in a sultry voice, “Yes, Your Royal Majesty. We could rule the night together as—” Max cut her off. “Nope. I’m sick of this farce. I’m done.” He stood, raised up his gun in one hand, and shouted to the assembled royals, nobles, and courtiers, “All right, you primitive screw-heads, listen up!” (It was easily the dozenth time since he’d arrived in this strange dimension that he’d had occasion to use some variation on that particular one-liner.) “Everybody recognize this!?” Shocked gasps and scandalized cries of “Well, I never!” slowly died down, until, at last, silence reigned in the throne-room. Then, a timid voice from somewhere in the crowd (Max couldn’t tell who it belonged to) supplied, “It is the weapon Your Majesty used to defeat the Lich-King!” “That’s right,” said Max, starting to pace in front of his throne. “With the help of this big honkin’ magicked-up elephant-gun, me and my friends killed the bad guy. My friends. Couldn’t have done it without them. So—can’t believe I didn’t think of this first—I’m just gonna have to marry one of them.” Malcontented grumblings started to issue from the crowd, and so Max lowered his rifle, fished a bullet out of his pocket, and chambered the round—not because he intended to start shooting, but purely for dramatic emphasis. “Which means,” he bellowed, “if you’re not one of my adventuring companions, back the hell off, right now!” At least three dozen females from just as many fantastical species retreated to the wings of the grand hall, mumbling all the way about the sheer indignity, the unfairness of it all. “Gold-diggers,” muttered Max under his breath. He set his rifle back against the throne, clapped his hands together, and turned to face his longtime adventuring party—his fellowship of boon companions, skilled warriors and worthy heroes all. They had been standing off to the side of the throne along with Cadmus, watching the proceedings with glum looks and heavy hearts. But now that Max had stated his new intentions, most of the females in the group (and maybe one or two of the males) regarded him with brightened expressions. “I know you guys,” said Max. “So at least I know I can trust you. And, hell, I don’t know if I’m in love with any of you, at least not yet, but—” Gaius blinked and interjected, “Love, Sire?” “Yes, love!” said Max. “Where I come from, humans—not all humans, but humans from my culture—we marry for love. Or we marry one-percenters with terminal illnesses, but that’s a corner-case. Point is, at least I know I like my friends.” He faced his party again and said, “So, how about it? Anyone want to shack up with little old me, and maybe be Queen of the Runelands for a while? Major bonus points if you’re willing to move to Ohio, once I find a wizard who can hocus-pocus a wormhole for us.” It was Apollonia—bold Apollonia, valiant centaur knight—who clip-clopped forward and spoke first. She had the lower body of a sleek, chestnut-colored riding-pony, and she still wore her gleaming mail-shirt and her tabard with its chivalric crest. She blushed and said, “I… I do not know if I love you, Max, and I do not know if—if you can love a—someone like me. But I know that I liked it when we rode into battle together. When I carried you as your steed—protected and defended you. I felt—close to you.” Muireann the mermaid came forward next. She was a siren: a learned bard and spell-songstress of the deep. One of her warbled enchantments gave her preternatural buoyancy, so that she could balance upon her coiled sea-serpent’s tail and thereby move about with relative ease upon dry land. She gazed upon Max with unvarnished lust and said, “I remember how much you liked hearing my songs and stories, Max. If you choose me, I’ll sing for you every night—amongst other things,” she added, with a suggestive flip of her sea-green hair. Hilda the harpy fluttered forward to stand next to her fellows. She was a ranger and an eagle-eyed archer, the uncanniest markswoman that Max had ever known. “Hey; I can sing too!” she chirped. “And do you remember how many times I’ve saved your life, picking off targets from the air? Plus, I’d make a better wife for you than anyone! You know how much I want a nestful of hatchlings!” Danaë skittered out in front of the others and spoke next. She was an arachne: her upper body was rather like that of a human or elvish woman, but with exceedingly fair skin, snow-white hair, and red eyes; whereas her lower body was that of a huge, black tarantula. Danaë was a burglar, remarkably stealthy when she wanted to be, entirely in spite of her bulky form. “I don’t have—that is, I’m not good with words like the others,” she said shyly. “And—and I know that I’m more of a monster than they are. But—but even still—” “It’s okay,” said Max with a gentle smile. “Believe me, I get it. Nobody likes being put on the spot. And, for what it’s worth, you’re hands-down the best goddamn thief I’ve ever met—but you’re not a monster.” “Nae,” came a croaking brogue from behind all the others, “she isn’t. But sure and I am.” The whole company parted aside in surprise, to reveal little Aoife the dulachan lurking in the back of the group. She appeared to be a pale, petite girl wearing a full suit of black, iron armor (minus the helmet), with wisps of dark mist exuding from the chinks in said armor and enveloping her in a diffuse shroud of lingering shadow. “And I think I should be yer wife.” Amused titters and gasps of horror ran through the assembled crowd of courtiers, and some of the gossip was loud enough to overhear. “Isn’t that a death-fairy!?” “How could a creature like that have the gall to approach the king?” “I hear they can remove their heads from their bodies! Can you believe that?” “Why, I hear tell there’s nothing inside that armor but a cloud of shadow and ectoplasm! How disgusting!” “HEY!!!” roared Max at the top of his lungs. Again, the great hall fell silent. “That’s enough out of the peanut gallery!” He turned back to the dulachan and asked, “What makes you say that, Aoife?” “Because I’ve loved ye since the day I met ye—and ta prove it, I saved yer life a total of four-hundred and eighty-seven times.” An astonished silence fell over the chamber, and none were more awed than Max. He stared at Aoife for a long minute before the realization dawned upon him. “You’re the reason. You’re the reason that every time I’ve died in this world—and it’s been such a metric fuck-ton that I’ve completely lost count—I’ve gotten back up again like it was nothing!” “Aye,” said Aoife simply. “How’d you manage it?” asked Max. “We dulachans serve the Grim Reaper,” said Aoife. “But we’ve also got a bit o’ pull wit’ the other side. I just told the bugger to sod off each time, and led yer soul back intae yer body.” A wistful expression came over Max’s face, and he looked at Aoife with a faraway gaze. “I remember…” he said at last. “We would stand around a lot. While we waited for my body to heal. We would just… stand there together. And chat.” “Aye,” said Aoife again. “It were nice, tae talk wit’ ye like that.” “Nice and peaceful,” agreed Max. “I always thought I was dreaming. But I liked it.” He turned to his adventuring companions, his dear friends, some of them his potential brides, and he said, “Okay, here’s how this is gonna go. All you bachelorettes are still in the running, but I think it’s fair to say that Aoife’s earned the first date.” “Date?” came several confused voices. “Yes, date,” said Max. “Old human courting custom. Very important.” He turned to Aoife, offered his hand in gentlemanly fashion, and asked, “Miss Aoife, would you do me the honor of having dinner with me tonight? We’ll keep it casual—no need to dress up or anything.” Gaius sputtered, “Sire, this is highly irregular—” “Shove it, Goat-Boy,” growled Max. “Aoife?” “Aye, o’ course,” said the dulachan, taking Max’s hand. “If there’s one thing I’ve learned aboot humans in the last eight years, it’s that ye can get along wit’ just aboot anyone. Just maybe, if’n ye can unite all the kindreds o’ the Runelands, maybe ye can fall fer a death-sprite like meself.” “Just maybe,” echoed Max with a laugh. After all, he mused, the human relationship with death was—to put it mildly—anything but simple. • • • FINIS
Although OHLQ says these are 200 ML products, Brand Master says they're 20.4 oz which is 603.3 ML. This matches up with the 3x200 ML products linked in parenthesis above. This three pack is $1.92/fl oz. Separately, the 750 ML bottles of each of these products are more expensive so this could be a good way to try new things at a good value.
The catch is that when these products are de-listed (and flagged as Last Call items?) we are completely blocked from seeing their availability online in all but a few stores (more than just the Last Call stores for some reason). The Coastal Pack was de-listed on 7/1 data from then is now two months out of date. The Strong Pack was de-listed today so at least that's a bit more recent. They have also hidden the Strong Pack at any store that is not a Last Call location. Both products are actually listed on the Last Call products list. HandMeSomeHandsome shared that stores are not required to send product back to the state to be consolidated at Last Call locations so you may be able to find this stuff closer to home. As of the end of last update on 6/30, just before it was de-listed, CLASSIC MALTS - COASTAL PACK was shown in the following stores. Some may have sold out by now but I doubt any other stores than these would have received this product after it was de-listed
As of the end of the day yesterday, CLASSIC MALTS - STRONG PACK was in these 128 stores. Give them a call or a visit soon and they may still have the product before it gets sent off to the Last Call locations.
2020.09.01 16:20 SundayRedHere are the results from the r/golf 2020 Census!
A big thanks to the 2055 of you who took a moment to complete the recent golf 2020 census. This is a tremendous response and should provide a reasonable sample size among active users of this sub. Caveat: while my IRL work has a lot to do with digital media and numbers, I am no data scientist or Excel whiz, so I'm sure this isn't quite as good as it could be, but it's all I have time to do with now! So without further ado, here are the results (and I have made the data available here if anyone wants to take a peek or slice and dice it for themselves). You can view natively in your browser, or simply click the 'download' button in the top right. I might edit this later with some more findings, but that's enough for now! I'll be really interested to know what you think. What results surprise you? What results were you sure of? Please post and discuss your feedback! 1. How old are you? The average age of golf is 30.01 years. It's also the most common age selected in the census with 144 of you identifying as exactly 30 years old, 135 of you identifying as 31 and 134 identifying as 28 years. The oldest respondent is 72 (and has a handicap of 5). The youngest respondent was 13, which is the minimum age to have a reddit account, which is why I cut it off there. The two 13-year-olds identify as being off 12 and 6 handicaps. Just 108 of the sample size are teenagers, representing a mere of 5.26% of respondents. 2. What is your gender? A whopping 98.2% of us identify as male and just 1.1% female. I knew this sub was heavily skewed to men, but that's a LOT more than I expected. 3. What is your relationship status? 41.9% of this sub is married, 29.7% are in a relationship and 27.5% are single. The average handicap of married golfers is 17.0, single 17.5 while golfers in a relationship are 18.4, suggesting this latter category is prioriting other matters in life :) 0.8% of married golfers and 1.1% of both single and golfers in relationship are better than scratch players 4. Where do you live? 79.7% of you live in the United States Canada is second with 8.1% and the UK third with 4.4%. The top 10 is:
There are single representatives from Antigua, the Bahamas, Dominican Republic, Georgia, Greece, Grenada, Iceland, Italy, Mexico, Oman, Pakistan, Poland, Romania and Thailand. 5. In which US state do you live? Here is where the Americans among us live:
The states with the fewest golfers are Delaware and Montana (2 each) while Vermont and Wyoming each have 4 representatives on golf according to this census. 6. What is your current handicap? (rounded to the nearest whole number) According to this census, the average handicap or golf is slightly lower than 17.5 (slightly lower as there are 20 players who identify as better than scratch, but were counted as 0 for the purposes of this average). 7. Recently,my handicap has been... 1262 (61.35%) of you have been reducing your handicaps lately - well done! 8.81% of you need to stop the recent rise in your handicap 29.84% of you are remaining relatively unchanged/consistent 8. My status as a golfer is... The vast majority of us (96.15%) are amateur players/weekend hackers while there are at least 8 current professionals among us, 3 former pros and 68 aspiring pros 9. What would you say is your preferred brand of club? I appreciate this question didn't suit everyone, as putters are different to irons as wedges are different to drivers - you might like a brand in one club, but loathe it in another. Without wanting to make this survey too in-depth, I think the below table is a decent snapshot of golf's preferred club brands (and really sorry I forgot about the PXG crew!)
# that express it as 'favorite'
Obviously a lot to unpack here and there a LOT of variables. Of particular interest is the love for a now defunct golf brand (Nike) ahead of leading brands such as Srixon and Miura. Also, there is a noticeable drop-off from Ping to Cobra and an even greater one from Cobra to Cleveland. When you isolate the data to those with a 0 or better handicap, the results look like this: TaylorMade (9) Titleist (7) Callaway (3) Mizuno (3) Ping (3) Cleveland (2) Miura (1) Nike (1) 10. Do you prefer to mix or match? 19.57% prefer to match your sets while 80.43% don't mind what's in the bag, as long as it works for you. 11. What brand of ball do you primarily play?
Number who play it
Whatever I find in my bag or the woods
12. Do you think the ball you play has a significant impact on your game? 37.59% of you think it's VERY important 19.40% of you don't think it matters at all 43.01% don't mind, as long as it's a ball by a 'leading' manufacturer 17/20 of BETTER than scratch golfers said that ball choice is critical. The only surprising thing about this is that it wasn't 20/20! The average handicap of players who suggest ball choice is very important is 14.16 (down 3+ whole points from the overall golf average) and if you include the BETTER than scratch handicappers as zero, that falls to 13.85. 13. What is your position on iron covers? 57 of you (2.77%) use iron covers 821 of you (39.97%) of you think these 57 people should be openly mocked 1176 (57.26%) of you think these 57 people should do whatever they like :) 14. Do you drink alcohol while golfing? 17.96% of you don't see any difference between a golf course and an open bar 29.60% of you drink and play some of the time 24.74% of you drink occasionally 27.70% of you never drink while golfing Of the 29 zero or better handicappers among us, 11 never drink on the course and 5 drink most of the time! 15. What is your preferred tee time? 40.55% of you enjoy gettingup at the crack of dawn for an early morning tee time 27.46% of you like a morning slot, but without the early wake-up 14.41% of you would rather play in the afternoon 13.00% of you enjoy finishing the day with twilight golf Just 4.58% of you prefer to tee off at lunchtime 16. What is your preferred way of getting around the course? 45.13% of you prefer driving 32.18% of you are card carrying members of the push cart mafia 22.69% of you mental bastards prefer to walk and carry 17. Are you a member of a club? 71.23% of golf are nomads 23.81% of us are full year members of a club 4.96% of us are members of a club for part of the year 18. Have you ever had a hole-in-one? 10.18% of you have an ace to your name 89.82% of us are still searching for that elusive milestone! 19. Who do you prefer golfing with? 76.53% of us would rather golf with our friends 12.03% most enjoy playing with family 10.37% prefer the solitude of a solo round 1.07% of you most enjoy the company of strangers 20. Hot or cold? 67.53% of you would prefer to play in roasting hot conditions 32.47% would rather play in the freezing cold 21. What is your biggest pet peeve on the course? Here's how you responded to the pre-defined answers:
# of you who most hate this
Lack of course care
People who hit up on you
'Put me down for bogey' guy
People who litter
And here are some of the best 'write in' answers!
All of the above in equal parts (this was a popular response!)
The 6-foot gimme guy
Drunk golfers (refer to question 14)
Finding out the greens have been cored
The 10 practice swings before a duff guy
This is technically littering, but cigarette butts and sunflower seeds
Starters who don't properly manage their time sheets
Angry players who swear, throw clubs etc.
22. What do you consider to be the best part of your game? 34.95% of you are best with an iron in your hands 31.44% of you are magicians around the green with a wedge 16.84% of you feel most at home on the greens 16.77% of you love to step on to the tee with the big dog 23. What do you consider to be the worst part of your game? 45.62% of you aren't confident with driver in hand 20.25% of you least like putting 18.55% don't strike irons well compared to the rest of your game 15.58% of you are most uncomfortable with a wedge 24. Assuming you had not achieved either, would you rather... 68.01% of you would rather play a whole round to par or better 31.99% of you would prefer to write a "1" on your score card 25. Which shot produces the most pleasure for you? An utterly PURE mid/long iron right out of the sweet spot (40.12%) Ripping a booming drive down the middle of the fairway (30.62%) Reading the break and hitting the ideal weight on a putt (11.74%) A pin-point chip/pitch to tap-in range (9.54%) Crushing a wood off the deck (4.67%) Splashing out of the sand to a few inches from the cup (2.58%) A perfectly judged bump & run (0.73%) So that's all of the questions with pre-defined answers, which was much easier for me to dissect than the qualitative answers to come! With upward of 2000 responses, I can't depict every answer, so have done my best to group them and provide some outlying humour and interesting responses. 26. Who are you picking to drain a 20-foot breaking putt to save your life? By far the most popular response was "Tiger" or a variation of it (including "2000 Sunday Tiger" or "Young Tiger" or simply just an emoji and there are so many variations of TW, Eldrick, El Tigre etc. that I am not going to tally them up - just trust me on this, he is far and away the top choice!) A lot of you would back yourself for the putt. Some because you legitimately think you will make it, others because they will feel more motivated than anyone on earth while others wouldn't consider burdening another person with that responsibility! So here's the list I've generated with everyone who had 5 or more mentions.
Tiger Woods (714) - not including the aforementioned variations of his name, so I suspect that more than half of you will have chosen TW in some way, shape or form
Jordan Spieth (121)
Jack Nicklaus (83)
Phil Mickelson (82)
Dustin Johnson (76)
Rickie Fowler (62)
Justin Thomas (58)
Jason Day (49)
Kevin Kisner (31)
Bryson DeChambeau (26)
Colin Morikawa (20)
Brad Faxon (18)
Kevin Na (17) - and two said "just so he can walk it in"
Steve Stricker (16)
Rory McIlroy (15)
My dad (13)
Dennis McCarthy (12)
Anyone but myself (11)
Happy Gilmore (11)...uh oh, Happy learned how to putt!
Ben Crenshaw (10)
Brandt Snedeker (9)
Webb Simpson (9)
Matt Kuchar (8)
Ian Poulter (8)
Brooks Koepka (6)
Arnold Palmer (6)
Tommy Fleetwood (6)
Jim Furyk (6)
Jon Rahm (5) - would have been a lot more after last weekend!
Patrick Reed (5)
A special shout out to....
The 6 people who would choose my mom (clearly good putting is not hereditary)
The 3 people who said "The Club Pro Guy"
The 2 people who said Michael Phelps
The 2 who said Batman
The 1 cool cat who said Carole Baskin
The 1 who nominated Rick Shiels because he "prefers some risk"
And the wise guy who said "a robot designed for putting" (see: 2000 Tiger)
27. If you could change one rule in golf, what would it be? Another one where I made it pretty difficult to analyse and display the results! But here are a few of the top answers (in what I interpret as order of popularity), and please feel free to access the results yourself if you want to sort through them all.
Lost ball to become a drop at nearest point of relief for a one-shot penalty instead of reloading for three
All hazards/OOB to be red stakes for consistency
Be permitted to ground your club in a bunker
Relax dress codes (including allowing tour players to wear shorts)
"Gallery Balls" whereby amateurs receive a free drop for a 'lost' ball that is definitely in play
All players should receive relief from fairway divots
Any drop/penalty should just be one stroke (a LOT of you think all OB should be treated as a lateral hazard)
A certain number of mulligans per round (most said one, but some of you want up to 3 per nine!)
Actual enforcement of penalties for slow play and/or a shot clock
Be permitted to lift, clean and place on all fairways
Free relief for things like ree roots, fences etc.
Drop height... some of you want it lower (ankle) and some of you want it back to the waist!
Change number of clubs permitted in bag (interestingly, half of those who suggested this want fewer and the other half want more - there doesn't seem to be a universal consensus)
That inconsequential and accidental touches of the ball or sand should not result in a penalty
Allow rangefinders/slope in competitive play
Preferred lies within one club-length no nearer the hole on all grass and bunker sand
Flagsticks should remain in the cup 100% of the time
Overturn the ban on anchoring
Slightly bigger cups
Stymies should be permitted
While sorting through these responses, it became apparent just how difficult it is to please all golfers. On one line, someone says "Collared shirts compulsory" and on the next, someone says "Collared shirts optional!" And finally, this one tickled me... "If you are not on the green and can run to your ball and play another shot within 5 seconds, the first one shouldn't count!" 28. What is your hottest/most controversial golf take? Another one that's impossible to really depict succinctly, so here are some interesting responses, copied and pasted exactly as you wrote them!
(most) old people ruin the game (gatekeeping & arrogance towards younger generation)
"Annoying fans" are necessary to grow the sport
18 holes per game is too many
70% of people should be playing from the red tees. Move forward
Alcohol should be banned on the course
Alignment lines on balls should be banned
All private clubs should have a public day
Amateur golfers on YouTube do more for attracting new people to the sport than pros on TV
Augusta as a course/club is overhyped. If it wasn't for the exclusivity and the masters itself, it would be considered an average course
Bad golfers should be relegated to non-ideal tee times
Blades make you a better golfer because you can feel where your misses are on the face
Breaking 80 isn’t impressive if it’s not from the tips
Brooks is more annoying than Bryson
Bryson and brooks are likable, talented guys
Bryson and Patrick reed are good for the game (several dozen more Bryson takes!)
Carts should only be used by people with mobility issues
Corn Ferry far superior to European tour
Dress codes are stupid
European Tour is more difficult than the PGA Tour
Everyone cheats, somehow or some way
Fairway shots are most times harder than shots out of the rough on low quality courses
Fedex Cup should be match play
Fitting is the biggest scam going. It is a sales tool and nothing more.
Getting married ruins the promising careers of young pga pros (see Jordan, tiger, rory, rickie, DJ)
Gimmes are acceptable and should be reasonable encouraged in social (non-competitive) play
Gimmes suck and hurt your game
Glove should not be removed during putting
Golf courses are a waste of resources and land
Golf decorum means something and isn't designed to be purely elitist
golf fans are the worst fans of any sport
Golf isn’t fun to watch just to play
Handicapping is a participation trophy for bad players
Hazards should not be raked, they are hazards
Hitting Fairway Woods off the deck is far easier than off the tee
Hole in one's aren't that special
I don't like Phil Mickelson
I don't really mind slow play
I don't think you should mark your ball on the putting green for the other golfers. Putt around other balls.
I love golf but hate golfers
I'd be on tour if I was given 1 year to train, a new fitted set of clubs, and had no obligations to anything outside of golf (this respondent is a scratch player)
I'd like to see a tournament with separate tees: womens/champions/PGA, all competing for the same $/trophy
I'd rather hit a great drive and double bogey than dink my iron a few times and par
If Bryson was black people would focus on the fact that he is changing the game and advancing it rather than focusing on his minor blunders he has had and blowing them out of proportion.
If you can’t shoot under 100, you have no business being on a regulation/championship 18 hole golf course
Instead of rolling back the ball, ban the use of tees
Iron covers aren’t terrible
Irons should be labeled with loft not numbers
Leaving the pin in to putt is better than taking it out
Men can learn way more from watching the LPGA than the PGA Tour
Mulligans are stupid and you cheat yourself out of an actual score
Music being played from the cart should not be distracting during a random weekend tee time. We aren’t on tour.
No discount should be given if the greens are aerated
No one should take more than one practice swing. Just get up and hit the ball.
Nobody wants to see pros play ridiculously tough courses where the winner is -1.
Older men at golf courses prove millennial aren't the entitled generation, its the 50 to 60 old dude who is
Pace of play is less of an issue than people make it out to be in the amateur game
PGA tour broadcast juices yardages for casual fans
Players on the tour aren’t too long, it’s cool to see what they can do with the same equipment as us
Playing forward by a set of tees doesn't make you less of a man
Playing more rounds will help you improve scores faster than range sessions. Rounds are what get scored, not repeated hits off turf.
Practice swings don't work and are generally pointless
Prime tiger wouldn’t go on that run he had today against this new talent
Pro Golfers should be able to play through noise and heckling
Pro V1s are overrated and mainly used by people for placebo
Pros are playing for millions of dollars they are allowed to be entitled and whine
Pros should carry their own bags
Putters over $100 are a waste of money
Rowdy fans are alright
Ryder Cup is better than any major
Scottys are not overpriced
Scrambles are a horrible way to play golf
Shafts don't matter for most golfers
Solo golfers do not have the right of way as long as the group ahead is meeting course pace of play
Stepping on someone's putting line makes no difference
Take the driver out of the bag. You’ll shoot better.
Tee boxes based on handicap not age/gender
The British Open is more prestigious than the Masters
The top 20 LPGA players could make bank on the men's tour if they could tee off from 100 yards ahead
The US Open is a better tournament than the Masters
There are like 5 people on the subreddit qualified to give swing advice
Tiger doesn't care to win again
Unless you are a 10 handicap or better, the ball you play does not matter
US Open should only be played at public golf courses
Waiting for the group in front of you is not hard or annoying
Womens golf is more entertaining to watch
Yelling fore does nothing. You’re on a course be aware of your surroundings.
You should have to have a license to play golf. Nothing crazy just take an online class that would go over basic rules and etiquette.
29. What is the best golf course you have ever played? Have aggregated the most popular answers to the best of my ability, capped at 6+ responses.
Pebble Beach (17)
Chambers Bay (16)
Half-Moon Bay (15)
Torrey Pines (13)
Whistling Straits (12)
TPC Scottsdale (11)
Bethpage Black (10)
Arcadia Bluffs (9)
Wolf Creek (9)
Tobacco Road (8)
Pinehurst #2 (7)
TPC Sawgrass (6)
30. What is your bucket list course that you are yet to play? Again, a lot of variations here which made it tough for me to sort the data, but have done my best to sample a Top 10. I was very surprised to see Augusta behind St Andrews and so far behind Pebble but I suppose people subconsciously don't vote for courses they have no legitimate way of ever playing. I'd be interested to see these results if I re-phrased the question to "You have a free, no questions asked tee time anywhere in the world, name your club..."
Pebble Beach (433)
St Andrews (200)
Bandon Dunes (119)
Pinehurst #2 (61)
TPC Sawgrass (49)
Bethpage Black (35)
Torrey Pines (22)
Whistling Straits (22)
Wolf Creek (21)
31. What is the ONE thing golf administrators ought to do to encourage more people (particularly young people) to play the sport? This was a genuinely encouraging list of 2000+ results to read though. We often read about the 'doom & gloom' aspects of the future of our sport, but there is a vibrant and dedicated golf community out there thinking of ways to perpetuate interest in the sport and keep the flame lit for the next generation. Again, here's a sampling of what I would consider to be the most popular responses.
Make the game less cost prohibitive (this is a big one - everything from clubs to green fees to beers)
Open 'masterclasses' or free clinics from pros at ranges and local clubs (another big one)
Shorter courses (9 or 12 hole)
Heavily discounted beers for 18+ players
More facilities like Top Golf
A greater focus on 9-hole game, tee times, handicap structure etc.
All clubs should have a dedicated youth program
Allow interest free payment plans for things like memberships, clubs etc.
Alter rules to make it less elite/proper ie. mulligans, preferred lies etc.
Allow kids (U15) to play free (and rent clubs free), or at heavily reduced rates
Alternate course routing that allows you to come off whenever you like, not necessarily play 18
Kids play free with a paying adult (ensuring pace of play is maintained)
Relax the dress code and 'traditional' golf culture ie. be far less elitist
Twilight 9-hole beer leagues, aimed at young professionals looking for something to do after work
Carving out tee time blocks for 'beginners' so they don't feel pressured
Similarly, these blocks might be "free for all" in terms of attire, etiquette etc. so if a 14-year-old shows up in a hoodie, carrying 18 clubs and wants to have two mulligans from every tee, it's completely fine!
Introduce golf to public schools through gym/PE classes
More tech in carts and ability to connect bluetooth (with limited volume)
Change the nomenclature of "women's" tees to "beginner" or "forward" tees
Close the course one day a month for beginners, with teaching pros on the course and range
Pace of play is important, but if newbies feel intimidated they will never come back
Encourage mini games within a round for kids ie. straightest shot, nearest to pin etc.
Engage with local community/government to identify talented (possibly minority) athletes who would otherwise have no access to golf and get clubs in their hand
Decrease the emphasis on score - make it FUN and about the process, not the end result
More social events BEYOND golf in local clubs to build the golfing community rapport
Improve the professional tour TV and online products
32. What is the best tip, or piece of advice you have ever received that's improved your game? This one is just too crazy to aggregate, so please view all responses (in column AG) here :) But I will list EVERY bit of advice provided by our scratch or better players.
Only hit shots you know you can hit
Just keep playing
Don't think, just do
If you chunk chips, focus on using you left (right handed) hand more than your right
Focus on the next shot
Get a lesson
You're not good enough to get mad
Slow tempo always creates a better shot
Tempo tempo tempo! 90% of my bad swings are rushing at the top and hands getting ahead of my body
Hammer the nail
You don't control the outcome, focus on the process
Bowed left wrist
Being mad is ok, being negative is not
Ask quetions of people who are better than you
Focus on the shot you have now, not the one you just hit
Swing on a plane
Eliminate the double cross
Play your game
Before all else, hit the center of the face
Aim small, miss small
Learn how to properly manage the course
The only shot that matters is the next
Rotation is the wrong word, you're not supposed to rotate
Relax your grip
Accelerate THROUGH the ball - let the ball simply get in the way of your club head’s swing path
33. If you had the attention of EVERY SINGLE PLAYER in the world for 10 whole seconds, what would you say? Again, too much for me to break down, so you can see all responses here in column AH, but here are some of my favorites and some of the more popular ones!
Fix your ball mark
Hurry the fuck up
One practice swing is enough
Leave the flag in
Pick up your fucking trash
Have more fun on the course - it's a game after all
Enjoy this game while we can - it's truly a privilege
Accommodate the new as when you are gone, they are all that are left to carry the game
Grip it and rip it
Focus on contact before power
Sam Snead's win record is B.S.
Thank you for making me feel like I'm not the only person obsessed with this game
If you love golf, take new people golfing
Be considerate to players of all skill levels and work to grow the game not alienate newcomers
Keep your tempo up through the chip shot
Yelling "FORE" could save someone's life (including tour players)
Your ego doesn't exist, let it go
Don't be a dick, treat the game/courses right, and if you're going to suck, suck at a faster pace
There's always someone worse than you
You don't practice enough to get that mad
You aren’t as good as you think and that's okay
Go get fitted, it will pay for itself many times over in the long run
Be ready to hit your shot before it's your turn
You hit the ball 15 yards shorter than you think you do
At your best as a pro, you’ll never be half as good as Tiger's peak
It's our job to grow the game.
Jim Nantz, please come do the color commentary for one my rounds
Take some damn lessons and stop buying $500 drivers
Stop giving yourself gimmies, put the ball in the hole
Smell the roses, enjoy the views
Golf is hard
All of you sandbaggers are going to hell
Hurry the fuck up, and stop spending a minute perfectly adjusting the line on that 15 footer for bogey
It's our job to grow the game
ONE FUCKING PRACTICE SWING
Thanks again for your input! I might edit this later with some more findings, but that's enough for now!
2020.09.01 15:17 eZGjBw1ZNew Products and Price Changes - Tuesday 9/1/20
It's the first of the month so we have another batch of new products and price changes. According to the "How to Become a Contract Liquor Agent" document, "The Agent must also complete price changes that occur at the first of the month..." We might see more changes over the next few days. Prices seem to have mostly decreased this time although the changes to "De-Listed" suggest that it may be because many products are being cleared out through the Last Call stores. Update As I dig through the data I'm noticing that many of the de-listed products that appear to no longer be available were in some stores through yesterday. Some of these products are now included in the Last Call products list and appear to be hidden at any store other than the four last call locations. Some discussion in the replies suggests that those stores might still have them but the state is probably in the process of recalling them to send back out to the Last Call stores. If there is a newly de-listed product below that appears to be gone that you'd like me to try to help you locate post a reply below. Here's a link back to what changed last month on 8/1. For each category I've sorted by the amount of the price increase or decrease. New products are shown first, then price decreases are shown in decreasing order followed by price increases in increasing order. At the end are products with other changes unrelated to price. American Whiskey
[Wholesale Only] CODIGO 1530 BLANCO ($56.99 / 1 Liter) - New 1 Liter size is probably wholesale only while 750 ML is available to the public. Wholesale only designation hides both sizes from public view on the map.
Account of the Second American Civil War by Theater
The Nuclear Situation
A sequence of highly time-dependent actions would define the nature of nuclear weapons use during the Second American Civil War. An attack on Dakotan satellite control systems through numerous avenues would prove successful. On-the-ground basing infrastructure was destroyed, control over satellite systems secured by the MAU and Sierra, backup C2 structures like Cheyenne Mountain Complex laid low by cyberattack, and cyberattacks on the Dakotan nuclear command structure employing numerous strategies ranging from jamming to deepfakes providing contradictory orders all provided a crucial time window necessary for Sierran and MAU bombercraft to deliver a counterforce strike meant to permanently disable Dakotan nuclear capabilities. Almost everything proceeded perfectly. Overwhelming advantages in preparation, cyberwarfare, strike capabilities, and ABM systems provided a tremendous cushion. However, even with communications ruined 2 targets were hit by a single missile each - not the only missiles loosed, but the others were successfully intercepted. Fresno and Corpus Christi have been destroyed. Naturally, targeting civilian populations was far from the knockout blow or message that Dakota may have hoped. If anything, the news would only demoralize Dakotan forces in the subsequent war. And now they were totally without deterrent
Lots of civilians. Many manage to evacuate. Many others do not.
The Allegheny Gap
Dakota deploys their Northern Group to defend against a hypothetical offensive from the Northeast into the Ohio River Valley. Low expectation of this sort of assault was reflected in the relatively low concentration of force around Allegheny National Forest, but MAU B-21s destroying infrastructure and inventory at Wright-Patterson AFB and Grissom Air Reserve put this hopeful assumption to rest. The formal beginning of the conflict was with reports of these strikes to Northern Group command in tandem with a chain of failed cyberwarfare operations: deepfakes of the MAU president (quickly recognized as such), deepfakes of military leadership injected into Dakotan communication networks (also dispelled), and attempts to saturate Dakotan comms with worthless chatter. Shortly thereafter, the MAU's Gold Company would quickly push the Dakotan Northern Group's defensive position, aided by overwhelming air superiority. Local air superiority over the Northern Ohio River Valley was quickly secured as the Gold Company enjoyed substantial advantages on the tactical level, moving and reacting almost as if Dakotan battle networks and data was openly available to them. Additionally, in a particularly consequential act of cyberwarfare the MAU was able to either disable or turn many LAW-1 "slaughterbots" against Dakotan forces. Additionally, well-equipped MAU forces had the advantage of modern exosuits and extensive anti-drone countermeasures. While unable to fully crumple the Northern Group line, both Cleveland and Columbus were seized by the Gold Company. The Northern Group has fallen back to the husk of Wright-Patterson AFB and the outskirts of Cincinatti, garrisoning Southwestern Ohio.
Extensive drone patrols within Kentucky and preparation of the bridges crossing the Ohio River placed the MAU's Red Company in an overwhelming defensive position, particularly given the rapid attainment of local air superiority in the Northern Ohio River Valley and high levels of mechanization in both Red and Gold Companies, compared to the Dakotan Northern and Center group. Additionally, MAU B-21s successfully disabled Scott AFB, Offutt AFB, and facilities at several IAPs hosting National Guard aircraft. This allowed for Red Company's air contingent to expand the area of air superiority to the entire Ohio River Valley after a pitched battle with Dakotan aircraft (with support from Gold Company F-35s and F-22s). Tactical and operational advantages reaped from MAU cyberwarfare continued to do serious work on the ground, permitting Red Company from capturing the far bank of the Ohio River after defending and then crossing the Big Four Bridge. The Center Group fell back to Cincinatti after forced from Indianapolis by Red Company, squeezing the Center and Northern Group together and leaving much of the Upper Mississippi River Basin undefended - though diverting too far in that direction (towards St. Louis) could have left the Red Company's back exposed to a combined counteroffensive from Dakota's Northern and Center Groups. Many Center Group F-35s remain undamaged, meaning that while Dakota has been outflanked, it could still be difficult to fully defeat the cluster of forces sandwiched between Red and Gold Companies.
With the Northern and Center companies forced together, one "breakout" line remains, that being towards Lake Michigan. Following a huge spate of anti-government protests in unoccupied Indiana and Illinois, however, Superior initiated an offensive seeking to take advantage of anti-Dakota sentiment and the relative lack of defense in the area. The Battle of Chicago would prove highly taxing, allowing Red Company enough time to capture Indianapolis. Nevertheless, MAU bombing paved the way for a sweep through Northern Illinois. That said, Superior granting the MAU access to their airspace permitted them to launch a series of knockout blows against most important AFBs in the Midwest. Additionally smoothing Superior's offensive was the destruction of numerous military installations by unknown partisans. MAU airstrikes had not targeted many such sites, and they could have firmed up resistance by pro-Dakota militias or loyalist National Guard.
Superior: 965 infantry, 2 M1A1 SA, 10 M1127 Stryker RV, 8 M-ATV, 1 HH-60M Black Hawk.
The South, Part 1: Setting the Stage
At face value, higher numbers of concentrated Dakotan infantry in the South seem to offer at the very least a serious quantitative advantage. That said, these numbers disguise an array of factors that should change things considerably, remain relevant in every engagement, and should be stated up front so as to avoid repetition. To begin with, MAU cyberwarfare has lent their companies a serious advantage on the ground, both by disabling thousands of Dakotan drones (slaughterbots being the most notable) and obtaining crucial live data that the armies of the 2030s use to orient themselves and make rapid tweaks to their operational activities. Next, the bulk of the MAU's air force has been pitted against Dakota in the Southern Piedmont and the shear bulk of MAU 5th generation aircraft represents an enormous edge in air superiority across the states that Dakota is endeavoring to penetrate. Both sides are experiencing serious anti-war movements in border states, imposing roughly equivalent political challenges. Operating in urban environments is made all the more difficult for these protesters, whose upset originated in online movements. Finally, MAU efforts to convince Dakotan soldiers to defect have been remarkably successful - attempts that were compounded by an extremely harsh and unpopular order to execute all prisoners of war. With most slaughterbots disabled or turned against Dakotan troops, this task fell on the shoulders of the rank and file - making MAU promises that much more tempting. This battery of factors will be largely consistent across the following sections addressing the conflict in the South.
The South, Part 2: The Gulf
The naval battle in the Gulf of Mexico would prove consequential in deciding whether or not Dakotan divisions that had been swiftly transitioned into regional groups and companies would actually become available for the operations to which they were assigned. Just prior to this engagement, a strategic strike from both bombers and submarines would target Dakotan basing infrastructure and air defense systems in Southern states. A huge SEAD campaign in tandem with use of extreme standoff weaponry permitted the MAU to dump a tremendous inventory of munitions into Dakotan Patriots and AFBs. Near absolute advantage in naval assets allowed the MAU to dispatch the Dakotan navy in the Gulf shortly thereafter with minimal losses. Strikes against Dakotan airfields severely reduced the efficacy of the Southern Defense Group, permitting an MAU MEU from securing a beachhead, attracting the attention of the (much reduced and poorly mechanized) Dakotan Quick Response Team. With local naval and air support, a large portion of the Dakotan coast was captured. Dakota's Quick Response Team is held up in lower Louisiana, a benefit to the ongoing operations in the Piedmont, but a barrier to the MAU's stated goal of securing the entire Dakotan coastline. An attempted uprising in Louisiana has been rooted out thanks to Quick Response Team presence, but their control over the area remains precarious.
As the Dakotan Northern Company began a relatively perilous journey into Virginia, the MAU's Green Company would take advantage of the Quick Response Team being pinned in Louisiana and the lack of fully-mobilized forces in Tennessee to cut the state in half. In doing so, Green Company severed supply lines for the Northern Company paralyzing the already poorly-mechanized force in the middle of hostile territory. Northern reinforcements would soon arrive create a grinding battlefield outside of Norfolk. This has left the Northern Company disconnected from the rest of Dakota in an area where the MAU maintains air superiority
The Battle of Atlanta would appear to be relatively pivotal, but the real conflict would be between the Southern Defense Force and Companies Green, Blue, and Black. The conflict was kicked off by the MAU capture of several Dakotan agents who had attempted to infiltrate MAU bases across the South. Almost immediately, Dakota's second Southern Company entered Georgia and proceeded towards Atlanta, and at the same time Blue Company moved to seize Montgomery and Birmingham with support from Black Company which had moved into Southern Alabama. The Quick Response Team was still stuck in Louisiana up against MAU Gulf superiority and 4 MEUs. With support from Green Company out of Chattanooga, the Southern Defense Force found itself fully routed at Birmingham and forced to fall back into Mississippi. The MAU had prepared Atlanta for a tremendous Dakotan offensive, and their Southern Company remained tied up in the metropolis while a series of engagements in Alabama proceeded to cut off their supply lines. While Atlanta is largely controlled by Dakota, like their twin in Roanoke they are stranded in enemy territory. Airspace is somewhat contested, with the MAU maintaining an edge, but Alabama has almost entirely fallen. With the Green Company pin in Tennessee, it is difficult to imagine a successful out for either Dakotan Company. As a final unpleasant surprise, Dakotan LAW-3/4 drones have been hijacked by the MAU, flying deep into MAU territory and surrendering themselves.
While operationally sophisticated, the Sierran offensive would meet practically no resistance. Nearly the entirety of the Dakotan military had been shifted towards an offensive posture in the more densely populated East, allowing Sierra to travel through much of the West relatively uncontested after a protracted bombing campaign. Despite the relative ease of the Sierran push, boxing in Dakotan forces would go a long way in reducing their options, making some sort of retreat into the Great Plains impossible. After an air campaign even more devastating than the MAU's in the East (thanks to a near-complete lack of resistance), the ground campaign, composed jointly of FRA and Sierran troops commenced. Operations Right and Left Hook forced remaining National Guard forces and any garrisons to regroup and retreat as quickly as possible and into Iowa, Eastern Kansas, and Arkansas. Meanwhile, the FRA's push into Louisiana has brought it into contact with MAU MEUs near the Alabama border. The Quick Response Team has been fully cut off from the rest of Dakota. A broad thrust into Oklahoma and Arkansas has succeeded in further pushing retreating Dakotan forces, though northeast Arkansas remains within control of Dakotan forces. Overall, the Western coalition has made tremendous gains thanks to a huge redirection of Dakotan forces to the East. That said, control over these states will be difficult to consolidate given their vast area, the expected size of stay-behind operations, militia activity, and generally unfavorable attitude towards invading governments.
Sierra: ~3% attrition [ground forces] (approximate numbers because there are no Dakota numbers) /FRA: ~2% attrition [ground forces] (approximate numbers because there are no Dakota numbers) /Dakota: ~10% attrition, fully pushed back (approximate numbers because there are no Dakota numbers)
2020.08.25 16:26 semifnordicSolar plan for suboptimal climate and shading issues
TL;DR: Trying to design a rooftop solar system for a northern Ohio location with significant shading issues. Targeting around a 4kW DC system, using Enphase IQ7 (since there's still no sightline to IQ8 availability). Mostly having trouble deciding on which panels to use, with a variety of options giving 7-10+ year ROI times. Welcoming any input / opinions on my setup / choices / analyses! Conditions: Northern Ohio, suburb of Cleveland. South-facing roof at about 33 degrees of slope; only planning to use the area of the roof over the garage due to structural and shading concerns. Major shading issue in the form of a line of trees to the east, so sun doesn't start hitting the roof until around 11 / 11:30am, moving across the roof as the day progresses. I've done some estimation with PVWatts and Helioscope (mucking with hourly export data and time of day estimates in the former, making a very rough guess at a horizon profile in the latter), and I'm likely losing around 30% of the solar potential due to shading. Layout: Given the roof area available, either a 2x5, portrait orientation array with 72-cell panels, or a 4x3, landscape orientation array of 60-cell panels would "fit" (both are nearly the same size, and either way I'd need to get an exception to the 3' clearance from roof peak rule, by about 10" less.) I'm preferential towards 72-cell panels, as the racking would be lower cost and complexity. Given the shading conditions, I'm planning to use Enphase IQ7 or IQ7PLUS microinverters, depending on which panels I go with. Economics: My estimates put a hypothetical 4kW array at about 4MWh annual, or about 50% of last year's electrical consumption (which I hope to reduce; in the middle of renovations now). Looking monthly, production is less than consumption every month, meaning with net metering I'd be offseting my entire ~$0.12/kWh (rather than just the generation portion if I exceeded consumption in a month). The math is then easy -- each nameplate watt of the array is worth about 12 cents a year. Factoring in the 26% tax credit, if I want less than a 10-year ROI, I need to be under $1.60/W. Again with a hypothetical 4kW array, fixed costs (IQ Envoy, racking, disconnect, wiring to panel, permit costs, shipping, etc.) are say $1200, or $0.30/W, leaving me with around $1.30/W for the panels + microinverters. Given the conditions, I need to design my system to optimize (1) cost, (2) performance in partial shade / low light, and (3) total wattage (to reduce the impact of the fixed costs). My proposed concept is below, curious what thoughts people have: Racking: Planning to use IronRidge rails and hardware, but with Quickbolt microflashing connections. The IronRidge FlashFeet look nice, but my roof is probably 15-20yrs old and I don't want to have to pry up lots of shingles -- flashfeet likely work better with a new roof installation. Inverters: Enphase IQ7PLUS for 72-cell, available at $138, or IQ7 for all but the highest-end 60-cell, available at $125. From PVWatts hourly and Helioscope, I'm losing less than 3% to clipping in almost all cases, and DC:AC ratio in the realm of 1.25-1.35. With these costs and typical panel wattages, the inverter adds between 34 and 40 cents per watt, bringing the available panel cost down to below $1/W -- with each $0.16 being a year of ROI time. Panels: I made a huge spreadsheet comparing lots of different panels in terms of ROI, ratio of PTC to STC wattage ratings, Energysage rating, warranty, temperature coefficient, etc. Ruling out panels with less than "Very good" energysage ratings or less than ~85% at 25yr warranty leaves me with only a couple options in my cost range in 72-cell modules:
LONGi LR6-72HPH-380M -- This one is the lowest cost, at $0.49/W, 94% PTC/STC, 84.8% warranty, and -0.37 power tempco. 916.2kWh/kWp per Helioscope. However, it's a Chinese company, and something being the lowest cost and Chinese usually doesn't bode well.
Axitec AXIpremium X HC AC-400MH/144S -- This is what I'm currently leaning towards -- Available at $0.56/W, 93% PTC/STC, 85% warranty, and -0.39 power tempco. However, slightly lower kWh/kWp at 905.5 under the same condition set in Helioscope.
Hanwha Q Cells Q.PEAK DUO L-G5.2 395 Q.ANTUM -- A somewhat more premium option, at $0.66/W. Very similar to Axitec, but with slightly better temperature performance. 93% PTC/STC, 85% warranty, and -0.37 power tempco, Helioscope 911kWh/kWp.
That about does it for 72-cell modules. After comparison, I generally stayed away from 60-cell modules given that the inverter and racking become more significant costs (basically double the racking). However, on the high end I looked at a couple, both with "Excellent" energysage ratings (vs. the "very good" of all the 72-cell modules.)
Hanwha Q Cells Q.PEAK DUO BLK-G6+ 340 -- $0.69/W, 94% PTC/STC, 85% warranty, and -0.36 power tempco, Helioscope 907.4kWh/kWp. Seems very similar to the Q Cells G5.2 above, but ranks "excellent" instead of "very good" -- but is 60-cell so costs go up more.
REC Alpha REC365AA -- At $0.88/W (and likely wanting an IQ7+), this basically pushes the ROI right up to 10 years (and as a 60-cell panel, is double the racking cost too). But, all the other specs are the best of anything I compared (even a more expensive LG panel): 95% PTC/STC, 92% @ 25yr warranty, -0.26 power tempco, and 934kWh/kWp per Helioscope.
Sourcing: Most of the pricing above is from ressupply.com, which seemed to have the lowest costs of the relatively legit looking online distributors that I found. If anyone has tips on getting better pricing for anything I'm all ears! Thanks for reading this far if you made it thru! If you have anything to help me out of analysis paralysis, or confirm / counter any of my analyses, I'd appreciate it!
https://www.cleveland.com/datacentral/2020/08/mapping-ohios-115651-coronavirus-cases-trends-updates.html The rolling seven-day average for newly reported Ohio coronavirus cases edged up some on Monday to 941 a day, as the totals to date rose to 115,651 cases, 12,859 hospitalizations and 3,986 deaths, Ohio Department of Health data shows. This means that 1-in-101 Ohioans is now known to have contracted the virus at some point this year. Separately, data from the Ohio Hospital Association showed the number of patients has continued to trend down, with the average patient count over the last week at 845 – the lowest point since July 10. The patient count ran as high as 1,122 on July 28. But before the July surge in cases, it was as low as 516 on June 15. The preliminary count for Monday said there were 802 coronavirus patients in Ohio hospitals, with 276 in intensive care units. An estimated 72% of the state’s intensive care beds were available on Monday. Over the last week, the number of deaths increased by 154, or 4%, from the previous Monday’s total of 3,832. Deaths reported daily were 8, 3, 20, 26, 22, 36 and 39. The reports lag several days from the actual date of death and sometimes are reported by the state in clusters. The 6,589 cases added in the last week marked the smallest Monday-to-Monday increase since late June, and was up 6% over last week. This compares with increases the previous five weeks of 7,331, 7,768, 8,786, 9,009 and 9,315 cases.
2020.08.23 05:39 omega303Ohio reports 1,119 new coronavirus cases, 20 new deaths: Saturday update
https://www.cleveland.com/coronavirus/2020/08/ohio-reports-1119-new-coronavirus-cases-20-new-deaths-saturday-update.html Ohio -- The Ohio Department of Health reported Saturday afternoon that the state has 1,119 new coronavirus cases. This brings the total number of cases to 114,165, which includes confirmed and probable COVID-19 cases. A total of 3,975 people have died from coronavirus, up 20 from Friday. Often, numbers lag on weekends because of reporting delays. Confirmed cases are defined by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as people who have tested positive. Probable cases are diagnosed by a doctor when someone has been in close contact with an infected person, among other criteria. More than 23 million people worldwide have or have had coronavirus and more than 800,000 people have died from the deadly virus. More than 5.5 million people in the U.S. have or have had coronavirus and more than 175,000 people have died from the infection.
2020.08.22 13:58 eZGjBw1ZWhat's New on OHLQ - Whiskey - Saturday 8/22/20
Here are some of the interesting Whiskeys that showed up in the 3:32 AM update of ohlq.com on 8/22/2020. These would be from deliveries that happened before today so they might already be gone if they were put out on shelves yesterday. Supposedly some Giant Eagle stores had/have an arrangement with the state to delay updating their online inventory until Saturdays even if it was delivered to the store earlier in the week. These stores have apparently recently decided to go back to their pre-COVID-19 habit of holding back rare stuff to release on Saturdays. Some of the bottles listed below for Giant Eagle stores may be long gone but I'm guessing that at the very least it did show up there some time this week. The implementation of this arrangement also seems to cause some products to reappear at certain stores even though they've sold out long ago. 50 ML Buffalo Trace at 2-4 Columbus stores reappear every Saturday then disappear every Sunday, for example. I've tried to filter this out. I'm not including any of the data from the experimental technique today it seems to be full of false-positives from whatever method OHLQ uses to delay certain stores until Saturday. Please remember that stores are currently required by the state to avoid causing large gatherings of people by putting rare bottles out on shelves in an unpredictable manner. This probably means that the store also cannot go get a bottle from the back for you upon request. Good luck! Previous Update: What's New on OHLQ - Whiskey - Friday 8/21/20
2020.08.22 04:46 omega303Ohio new coronavirus cases up 1,043: Friday update
https://www.cleveland.com/open/2020/08/ohio-new-coronavirus-cases-up-1043-friday-update.html Ohio - On Friday, 1,043 new coronavirus cases were reported compared to the day before, according to the Ohio Department of Health. That’s one case above the 21-day rolling average of 1,042 new cases. The seven-day rolling average for new cases is 927, the lowest level since July 1. The seven-day average peaked at 1,373 on July 18. It’s down 32% since then. A total of 113,046 people have had confirmed and probable cases of coronavirus in Ohio, health department figures show; 92,736 people are presumed to have recovered. In all, 3,955 people have died with COVID-19, including 26 newly reported cases Friday. This is higher than the 21-day average of deaths of 22 new cases. The state counts a coronavirus case by those that are confirmed through testing and those that are probable, which the CDC defines as diagnosed by a doctor when someone has been in close contact with a person who has tested positive, among other criteria. Newly reported cases don’t necessarily mean they all occurred in the past 24 hours. There is a lag between when they occur and when local entities tell the state. New testing By Friday, the state had reported 1.93 million coronavirus tests being performed in Ohio, an increase of 25,494 from Thursday’s report. This figure represents all tests performed. Some people have received more than one test. When the state calculates case figures, on the other hand, a person is only counted once, even if they have more than one positive test. If you have the symptoms of COVID-19, the state offers free tests at its “pop up,” mobile stations. No appointment is necessary. Visit here to find a pop-up testing site. Positivity Just 4.3% of coronavirus tests came back positive on Wednesday, the day for which the most recent positivity rate is available. The seven-day moving average is 4%, a rate considered relatively low. Ohio is one of only 19 states, plus Washington, D.C., to have a positivity rate of 5% or lower for the past 14 days, according to Johns Hopkins University COVID-19 tracking. The positivity rate is an indication of the infection rate in a population. The World Health Organization has advised governments that the positivity rate should remain at 5% or lower for at least 14 days before reopening. Thirty-one states, plus Puerto Rico, do not meet that standard, with rates above 5% in the past two weeks. Hospitalizations The Ohio Hospital Association reported that there were 849 people hospitalized in Ohio who had tested positive for COVID-19 as of Thursday. That figure includes 283 people in intensive-care units and 156 on ventilators. This is lower than a week ago, when there were 922 people hospitalized, including 319 in ICUs throughout the state and 170 on ventilators.
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